38 week of pregnancy: description, precursors of childbirth, development of the child and self-feeling of mother
By the 38th week of pregnancy, the internal organs and systems of the child are fully formed, they function, and if childbirth occurs, they will not be considered premature. 260-266 days passed from the moment of conception, the baby can be born at any moment. A woman must prepare the necessary documents, collect the bag in the maternity hospital, as she will become a mother in one of the following days. If a caesarean section is planned, it is carried out exactly at this time.
Only 5% of parturient women wear out before the prescribed period (40 weeks) of the second and subsequent children. Babies who appear 2 weeks earlier are considered full-term, and the birth is not characterized by premature.
Woman's stomach and well-being at the 38th week
Pregnancy is a special, incomparable state, bringing new sensations, dreams, hopes, excitement, fears and anxiety every month.Every future mommy wants to foresee everything, ideally prepare for the long-awaited meeting. By this time, the stomach has reached the maximum size and brings serious inconvenience in movements, you can forget about a comfortable sleep, even the best orthopedic mattress in the world will not sleep well. The child presses the head to the pelvic floor, preparing for the birth, this explains the lowering of the tummy at the 38th week of pregnancy.
Heartburn disappears, breathing becomes easier, pressure on the bladder and intestines is increasing, with the frequent urge to urinate. Mommy's body is preparing for the upcoming birth and, if they are not the first, then with a probability of 90% the baby will be born at this particular time, especially girls do not like to sit in the womb for up to 40 weeks. Sometimes the omission of the abdomen in the 38th week of pregnancy is immediately noticed, you can check it yourself. In the morning, lying on the bed, you need to attach an open palm between the belly and chest, if the hand is pressed tightly to the body - the belly dropped.
For the entire period of pregnancy with a woman all the time something happens, sometimes not very pleasant, but quite understandable:
- selection of different nature of the genital tract;
- insomnia, or vice versa, you want to sleep all the time;
- tiredness, lethargy;
- the belly seems stony;
- skin is excessively dry;
- tormenting bouts of hunger;
- tingling in the chest;
- frequent urging to the toilet;
- feeling that the bones become soft;
- pain in the sacrum and back.
Some signs are found throughout pregnancy, but often the entire list accompanies the last weeks. The joints and ligaments are stretched, preparing for the birth canal, a squeezed femoral nerve delivers pain, cramps appear in the calf muscles due to the lack of calcium in the woman's body.
In general, the condition on this period is characterized by fatigue from carrying a fetus and the expectation of its birth. The woman has become clumsy, her independence is limited, she is looking forward to the start of labor. With each attack, when pulling the stomach, she hopes that this is the beginning of labor.
Discharge at week 38
Selection of a secret throughout the entire period of childbearing is a natural phenomenon. Normally, the liquid should be of a uniform consistency, milky, odorless, mucus may appear in small quantities.The presence of blood in the mucus speaks of the separation of the stopper, which is the first sign of a fast birth. The infection is accompanied by a cheesy discharge with or without pus that has an unpleasant odor. This condition requires consultation with a gynecologist and treatment.
Bloody copious discharge indicates placental abruption, it is a threat to the life and health of the baby. Emergency medical care required. Watery, turbid liquid, slightly colored in yellow color - this is the amniotic fluid. It is not necessary that they go away all at once, sometimes, the separation takes place in small quantities, in portions. This is possible in case of violation of the integrity or aging of the fetal membranes, which is a favorable condition for the infection to enter the fetus.
The weight of the child is large enough, because of which the center of gravity shifts, the sacrum and the loin are concerned, the birth canal is laid. Calfs start to hurt, convulsions appear if there is not enough calcium in the mother's body. Also, pains at the 38th week of pregnancy are provoked by false contractions, it is easy to distinguish them from the real ones.If at the change of position the discomfort does not stop, but appears with a certain frequency, it is necessary to go to the hospital.
A slight swelling of the limbs and face in late periods is acceptable, this is normal. When other symptoms are present, it means gestosis develops:
- emetic urge;
When preeclampsia worsens blood circulation, the work of the kidneys, blood vessels and the brain of the future mother. Therefore, it is required to monitor the degree of edema and pay attention to whether other warning signs are added to them. If at the 38th week of pregnancy a headache, it is important to stop being nervous, it is necessary to avoid depressive state. The best doctor in all unpleasant situations is proper rest and sleep.
It is very interesting to know what happens in the 38th week of pregnancy with a child. Every day, as the fetus grows, there is less and less room for active movement in the abdomen. Therefore, the movements are not felt so often, but they are very distinct and sometimes cause severe discomfort. One of the first recommendations of the attending physician at this time would be to track the movements of the child.Normally, coups and jolts per day must be performed at least 10 times, which indicates normal development of the crumbs. If there is no activity, urgent medical care is necessary, most likely, something threatens the life of the baby.
How does the fetus develop
By the 37-38th week of pregnancy, the child already looks like a full-fledged little man: his features are polished, the skin has smoothed out, the original fluff has almost gone, and the hair on his head has grown. It is too early to talk about the color of the eyes, it will change after birth. It is possible that natural delivery will occur at this time, but as long as the child develops and grows. In boys, the testicles must descend into the scrotum, after birth the doctor must check this moment in the infant.
Approximately the weight of the fetus is more than 3 kg, height is over 50 cm. All the organs have already matured in the fetus, it is fully ready for life outside the womb of the mother, it is able to fully breathe. Of course, the maturation of systems and organs will continue after birth, this applies to the nervous system, bone tissue, which will grow stronger.
External and internal development of the child:
- all organs and systems are formed;
- the pancreas and a liver continues to develop;
- movements rare, but coordinated;
- strong grip;
- nails protrude from fingertips.
Instead of an amniotic fluid, the lungs will be filled after the birth of air, the immunity will actively begin its work to protect the body.
Harbingers of childbirth
Signs indicating that childbirth will begin soon may occur in a few days or weeks. It is not necessary that this happens exactly at the 38th week of pregnancy. The forerunners of childbirth the very first - is the omission of the abdomen and weight loss, in any case, the woman does not confuse the beginning of labor activity with the preparation for it.
The most striking sign of the preparation of the body - relief of breathing due to abdominal prolapse. If the stopper has come off, a secret of white, milky or pink color will appear on the laundry. The baby is increasingly pressing on the pelvic region, due to which there are pulling back pain. If earlier there were no problems with the stool, they appear before delivery, along with frequent urination. Weight is reduced by 2-3 kg due to the removal of excess fluid from the body, plus reduced appetite.
Training fights, as a rule, pass at change of position of a body or during rest,by evening, painful contractions intensify. Immediately before giving birth, there may be a lull in the movements of the fetus.
38 week of gestation: precursors in people with multiple words
The peculiarity of precursors of childbirth with repeated pregnancies is that the stomach can not fall at 38-39 weeks. This can happen at the very beginning of a generic act. The mucus plug comes off completely, not in portions. The remaining signs of the imminent arrival of the baby into the world, in principle, do not differ, they are simply more pronounced in women who give birth to the second and subsequent children.
Birth at 38 weeks
With each next attack, when she begins to pull the stomach, the future mom, with a sinking heart, is waiting for what comes next - the birth will begin or it will be training bouts. Strongly focus on this is not worth it, it is better to enjoy the moment of preparation for the meeting with the baby:
- collect the necessary things and documents in the hospital;
- finish the repair;
- loosen the undershirts;
- purchase diapers, wipes and other necessary baby care products;
- choose a doctor;
- complete all domestic affairs.
After the birth of the baby, a woman for a long time will not be able to return fully to domestic duties.She needs to pay more attention to the baby, and not be distracted by annoying little things.
Of course, everyone is guided by the estimated date of birth, which the doctors determined at the beginning of the pregnancy, then repeatedly confirmed it on an ultrasound. However, these figures are relative, strictly in the prescribed period gives very few women. As a rule, it occurs earlier or later for 1-2 weeks. This fact is considered to be a normal phenomenon, and for development children born at the 38th week of pregnancy are considered full-term and do not differ from babies born at 40-41 weeks. The lungs and genitals are formed, the children hear and understand everything.
How does the body of the future mother
There is an active preparation not only for the childbirth, but also for breastfeeding. Breasts are poured, colostrum appears, leaving characteristic spots on the bra. It is worth stocking up with special pads. Breast on the 38th week of pregnancy becomes sensitive, sharply reacts to cold, on the surface of the skin can be seen a grid of small veins.
A woman herself can participate in the preparation process. Lightly massage the chest, lubricate the agent for stretch marks or olive oil, pour over the skin with a contrast shower.
Because of the large abdomen at the 38th week of pregnancy, there are problems with sleep, it is difficult to find a comfortable posture, it simply does not exist. Sleep sensitive, often at night tormented by frequent urination and hunger. Pressure on the sciatic nerve provokes the development of another problem - varicose veins. Relieve condition will help regular rest, compression underwear. Whenever possible, you should put your feet above the floor level, and lay a cushion or pillow under them while lying down.
Three major studies have already been completed, the diagnosis at this time is appointed according to the testimony of the doctor or if the woman missed the last ultrasound for some reason. It is important to make sure that the baby is not wrapped around the umbilical cord, it develops normally, and the state of the amniotic fluid is not characterized as pathological. Fetal weight with ultrasound at 38 weeks averages 2900 grams, height - 34 cm. Of course, these are indicative, as the genetic characteristics of the organism are influenced here. Enlarged intestinal loops indicate intrauterine infection or hypoxia.
In 96% of cases in boys by the 38-39 week of pregnancy, the testicles descend into the scrotum.The remaining 4% survive this in the first year of life. If not, specialist advice is required, otherwise the child will face serious problems in sexual life in the future. In girls, the genitals are fully formed. Ultrasound studies show that the placenta weighs approximately 300-650 grams, it is already quite mature and begins to age.