A brief analysis of the poem "I left my dear home" Yesenin
The theme of the Motherland runs through the image of "Blue Russia" for the poet, closely connected with the village of Konstantinovka, where he was born, with peasant huts, folk songs, fairy tales and beautiful nature. It is this theme that is revealed in the poem "I left my dear home." This article will be devoted to a brief analysis of it.
History of creation
Analysis of Yesenin's poem "I left my dear home" we will begin with an appeal to the bibliographic component. The poet really left his beloved village early. It happened in 1912, when seventeen-year-old Sergey graduated from a teacher’s school. He did not want to teach. He was attracted by the capital, the poet wanted to get a job in a newspaper. However, separation from native roots was difficult for Yesenin.
At first, he raved about home, but there was no time to visit the village. The poet entered the university, worked in the printing house. Several years passed before he was able to visit his native Konstantinovka. In 1818, the lines "I left my dear home" were born. FROM.Yesenin managed to convey in them the unfading love of his parents, rural landscapes and his anguish that does not let go of him.
Analysis of Yesenin's poem "I left my dear home" allows you to break it into two parts. The first one is dedicated to the poet's small homeland, dear to the heart landscapes, memories of the father and mother. Here everything is permeated with warm sadness, regret that parents grow old without him.
The second part is more disturbing. In place of rural harmony comes a ringing blizzard. Nevertheless, the poet glimmers the hope that after a long time he will be able to return home. The image of a maple appears, with which the lyrical hero associates himself. The old tree becomes its continuation, protecting expensive places. Relatives can console their longing next to the maple, as with its "head" it resembles the poet's curls.
"Blue Russia" is present in both parts of Yesenin's poem "I left my dear home". Analysis of the poet’s creativity shows that this image is central to the entire early period. Then "Soviet" and "steel" Russia will come to replace "Blue Russia". But Yesenin will not be able to get used to her.
Blue color is a clear sky and watery surface, this is an endless distance. For the poet, it is also a symbol of holiness, spirituality, and pacification. The image of Russia is inextricably linked with the rural way of life, rural landscapes. In the poem, nature and people are closely intertwined. Mother finds solace in "birch wood above a pond", her father's gray hair is compared to apple color, the moon is flattened on the water surface of a "golden frog".
Leaving the city, Yesenin is cut off from this harmony and its roots. Here man and nature are disconnected. An alarming atmosphere conveys the image of "ringing blizzards." There is an acute loneliness. Being in the distance, the lyrical hero worries for the safety of "Blue Russia". He leaves his Alter-ego, the old one-legged maple, which is designed to guard the world order in its unchanged form.
Analysis of Yesenin's poem "I left my dear home" shows that it was written by anapaest. Rhyme men's, cross. Of the stylistic means used exclamation and inversion in the third stanza, which gives these lines a special emotionality.The poet managed to express his bitterness from separation from his native places, concern about the changes taking place in the country (the image of a blizzard), the desire to protect the dear village from them.
From lexical means of expressiveness, we find epithets ("dear home", "old sadness", "Blue Russia"), metaphors ("golden frog moon", "rain leaves"). Present in the product and comparison (gray hair with blooming apples, maple with a lyrical hero). The closeness of man and nature emphasize impersonation (the snowstorm sings, the maple has a head and a foot, the birch wood "warms"). The poet comes up with his own forms of words in order to more accurately convey his thoughts and emotions: "apple", "warm."
We can call the autobiographical lines “I left my dear home”. Characteristic of the lyrical hero allows you to understand the feelings of the poet himself, who was forced to live far from his native village. As in other works, the inner world of man is compared with natural phenomena. Yesenin was acutely aware of his “nodular ovary” with a harmonious surrounding world, trees, animals. Through the pictures of nature, he discovered the complexity of being, the vicissitudes of human destiny.
This Yesenin depicted as a singing, ringing blizzard. The image of the snow whirlwind, blizzards will dominate in his work of 1924-1925, conveying a state of restless soul. But now we hear these echoes. Blizzard conveys a sense of disorder, anxiety. The revolution that changed everything is compared with the elements, before which a person is powerless. Yesenin understands that the period of instability will last long.
The images of “Blue Russia”, “darling home”, which so vividly come to life in the memoirs of the poet, become salvation. In this fabulous world, father and mother live, the personification of unconditional love, tenderness, protection. As long as there are parents, a person has two unshakable supports on the path of life. But they are aging. Yesenin feels the collapse of "Blue Russia", the fragility of the world of childhood. Therefore, it sets up a guard: an old maple, so much like its golden head.
Analysis of Yesenin's poem "I left my dear home" allows you to understand his main idea. Man cannot exist without roots. Places where we grew up, native people, traditions known from childhood become our spiritual support in adulthood.Without them, we are lonely and defenseless in the face of life's vicissitudes. Therefore, it is important to preserve these values, not to allow anything and anyone to destroy them.
The poem is filled with sadness, but at the same time very beautiful, lyrical.