Alexander Filippov: biography, scientific works
A well-known researcher of Russian society, as well as its development processes, philosopher for life and vocation, Ph.D., head of the department, professor at the Higher School of Economics, Filippov Alexander Fridrikhovich devoted his whole life to studying the theory of sociology. He is the author of many scientific papers, articles, translations, some of which are now manuals at universities in the country. His work can be called outstanding.
Alexander Filippov inherited a special mindset and analytical perception of the world from his father, who, being a historian, once became interested in sociology and even made a great contribution to the development of this discipline in Russia. The work of the senior Filippov became interested in Moscow, and soon they moved to the capital, where the head of the family until the end of his life was in charge of one of the departments of the Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
In his interviews, Alexander Fridrikhovich notes the enormous influence of his father and his upbringing on the formation of his own worldview.Already from his youth, he felt his disposition towards sociology and with maximalism inherent in youth immediately after school entered the department of communism theory of Moscow State University. But soon Filippov realizes that the official ideology and its interpretation of reality do not at all correspond to the real state of affairs. Against this background of complete disappointment by Russian authors, he is interested in the works of Western scholars.
Interest in sociology
Alexander Fridrikhovich Filippov did not immediately find his way in sociology, it is remarkable that the distinguished professor Yu. N. Davydov was able in time to discern the youthful potential and channel the emerging scientific interest in the right direction. It was he who offered the student to research one of the most complex theorists of the twentieth century, N. Luhmann, the principles of the theory of which consisted in the exact derivation and designation of all the constituent units of society.
For Filippov, the ideas of the Western thinker turned out to be a real discovery, it turned out that the whole Marxist-Leninist ideology not only did not answer the questions of the structure of society, but could not even put them right.
And Filippov under the direction of Yu. N.Davydova begins to develop his own methodology, the principles of which was a rigorous analysis of all elements of a complex system. In 1984 he graduated from graduate school and defended his thesis on the “Theoretical Foundations of Nicklas Luhmann Sociology”, after which he continued to work and educate himself in the department of sociology.
The formation of scientific methods
As Alexander Filippov himself noted, the first experience of theoretical studies was associated with the problem of the predominance of Marxist ideas over lively philosophical reasoning. The sense of superiority of "true" communist knowledge prevented him from giving an objective assessment to foreign authors in translations and descriptions.
The experience of working in Germany helped him to get rid of these misconceptions, here Alexander Fridrikhovich understood how Western and domestic reality did not coincide. Foreign theories, before they can be applied in the USSR, must first undergo a serious adaptation to Russian reality. Therefore, in all his subsequent works, he tried to combine the practice of foreign philosophers with his own theoretical observations.
The Moscow Higher School of Economics, where he headed the faculty for four years, helped the scientist to make significant discoveries in the field of contact between sociology and political philosophy. It was here that formed the basis of his future scientific base.
The researchers note the unity of the system of all works, the author of which was Alexander Filippov. His scientific works go back to one idea - the formation of his own program of building a theoretical study of society. In 2008, his monograph “Sociology of Space” was published, later it was edited and supplemented more than once. Numerous articles continued this topic in narrower meanings: “Sociology and space: Sovereignty of the state ...” (1991), “Elementary sociology of space” (1995) and many others.
Work in the "Sociological Journal"
Alexander Filippov, together with colleagues and like-minded people, repeatedly tried to organize his own publication, where he and other authors could transmit their knowledge to the younger generation of teachers and students. Only the experience of 2001 turned out to be successful, when the magazine began to appear on the Internet, which happened thanks to the support of the sociological department of the Moscow School and the Soros Foundation.
The team is aware of the unlimited possibilities of the global network in time and tries to use them to the maximum. Later, the Higher School of Economics offered its participation in the project. So, in addition to the electronic edition, the publication of the printed version, translations and publications with reviews of the project participants begins.
“Sociological Review” is a magazine that continued the educational activities of a team of authors. Filippov himself became the editor, and his deputy - Marina Pugacheva, who is also his chief assistant at the Center for Fundamental Sociology. Initially, team members were limited to only a few comments on translations, but gradually it all turned into independent reviews and full-fledged articles.
The main provisions of scientific activity
Alexander Filippov linked his entire life and work with research into the theory of the sociology of space, thereby continuing the works of the leading German philosophers of the early twentieth century. Thanks to him, this discipline today constitutes a whole complex of different categories: the space of a city — how it is formed by man and how it subsequently influences its creator; or the problem of interpersonal relations, the sociology of empires, society and world systems.
Based on his theoretical studies, Filippov sometimes makes political reviews of the state system of Russia, forecasts of the development of the domestic and foreign system of government: this was reflected in such publications as “The Space of Political Events” (2005), “The Police State and the Common Good” (2012) etc.
Awards and Achievements
Alexander Filippov, whose biography is inextricably linked with the work of teaching the younger generation of scientists, was more than once recognized as the Best Teacher, received honorary awards and government allowances for academic work. However, his main merit, of course, is his numerous works published in several languages, as well as a group of associates and followers of his scientific activities. He does not intend to stop at what he has achieved.