Calcium gluconate: reviews and release forms
What is prescribed This tool has a positive effect on metabolism in the tissues, as the concentration of the trace element normalizes. A deficiency of this compound leads to a deficiency in the formation of bone tissue and adversely affects the work of the smooth muscles and the muscles of the skeleton. Calcium is indispensable for the normal functioning of the nervous system, plays its role in the processes of blood clotting, affects the myocardium. The described preparation is preferable in comparison with calcium chloride, since this compound is less irritating to the tissues of the human body, therefore it is more easily tolerated.
When to use?
Calcium gluconate is prescribed to children and adults if pathologies have been diagnosed in which the calcium concentration in the body decreases. The tool has a positive effect when the normal indicators of cell membrane permeability are exceeded, improves the conductivity of nerve impulses, thereby normalizing the work of the muscles.
Among the indications for which calcium gluconate is given to adults, children are hypoparathyroidism, problems with the metabolism of vitamin D, including rickets. The drug helps to improve the condition of the patient, if during long-term bed rest the body rapidly loses calcium. The tool is useful in chronic form of intestinal disorders, with a secondary lack of calcium in the body, provoked by long-term use of diuretic drugs. In some cases, the indications for a hot injection of calcium gluconate are the use of glucocorticosteroids and medicines intended to block epileptic seizures.
Both in the form of injections and in tablets, calcium gluconate can be used only if there is a recommendation from the attending physician and with regular monitoring of the patient's condition. Usually, a remedy is prescribed if allergic reactions are detected, as well as for bleeding provoked by various factors. The drug has a positive effect on the state of asthmatics, patients with hepatitis and tuberculosis, if the form is pulmonary.
Calcium gluconate tablets can be useful for lead colic and poisoning, puffiness, eclampsia, and myoplegia. The drug is useful after menopause, during the period of active growth and with a lack of this trace element in the diet. Often, in ampoules of calcium, gluconate is prescribed to women who are carrying the fetus and who are breastfeeding.
Pills: how to take?
As indicated in the instructions for calcium gluconate, the drug is intended for use on an empty stomach or an hour and a half after eating. Maximum effectiveness can be achieved if the drug is washed down with milk. For adults, the daily dose - up to 9 grams per 24 hours, divided into several doses. Calcium gluconate is given to children in the amount of half a gram per day at the age of one year, up to the age of four - one gram. Patients 5-6 years old for 24 hours can be eaten up to one and a half grams, before the age of nine the dose is increased to two grams. The dosage of calcium gluconate for patients under the age of 14 years per 24 hours is 3 grams. Usually in childhood, the remedy is used two or three times a day.
During gestation and lactation, as indicated in the instructions for calcium gluconate,the drug is taken in food up to three times a day at a dose of not more than 3 grams. More than 9 grams per day is strictly prohibited to use.
Calcium gluconate: injections
On sale means is not only in the form of tablets, but also in ampoules. The drug is usually injected into a vein. The manufacturer recommends using the tool very slowly. You can enter the means intramuscularly (not recommended for small children). Injections also have to do slowly - a few minutes.
In adulthood, the drug is administered in the amount of 5-10 ml of a ten-percent solution daily. In some cases, the doctor may recommend injections once every two or three days. If the patient is a child, then intramuscular injections are not done, as there is a possibility of tissue necrosis, but a 10% solution is allowed into the vein every two or three days in a quantity from 1 to 5 ml. The solution is heated to human body temperature before use.
Unpleasant consequences: what to be ready for?
As can be seen from the reviews of calcium gluconate, in some cases, you may encounter unpleasant impressions when taking an agent. If the drug is used in the form of tablets, possible violations of the chair, irritation of the mucous membrane of the digestive system.In case of intramuscular administration, disorders in the activity of the gastrointestinal tract, problems with stool, and bradycardia are also possible. Listing the side effects of calcium gluconate, the manufacturer mentions nausea. Injections into the muscle can cause tissue necrosis.
With the introduction of funds in the vein there is a chance of lowering pressure, if the drug enters the body too quickly. Some patients noted a burning sensation in the mouth, a feeling of rising body temperature. The manufacturer warns of the risk of arrhythmias, fainting and even cardiac arrest if the drug is administered too quickly.
And if too much?
As can be seen from the reviews, calcium gluconate, being in the patient's body in too high concentrations, can provoke an overabundance of this trace element in the tissues. Urgent administration of calcitonin is necessary to eliminate this phenomenon. The dose is calculated individually, depending on the weight of the patient.
Calcium gluconate: contraindications
The tool can not be used if an excess of the main substance in the tissues of the body was detected. It is not allowed to use with a high degree of hypercalciuria and with increased sensitivity to this trace element and its compounds. The drug cannot be used if sarcoidosis, nephrolurithiasis has been diagnosed.
As the reviews clearly demonstrate, calcium gluconate is not combined with cardiac glycosides. The manufacturer warns that with such a combination the probability of arrhythmia increases. Patients who by negligence did not pay attention to this warning, faced with irregularities in the rhythms of the heartbeat.
The remedy can be used very carefully if dehydration is detected or electrolyte disturbances are established. The drug is allowed in the therapeutic program for diarrhea, but only with close monitoring by the doctor. A similar approach requires the failure of the kidneys, heart. Very carefully the drug is used for atherosclerosis and increased coagulation.
How much is?
Reviews of calcium gluconate contain mention of the fact that the drug is very cheap. Indeed, in pharmacies for the current year for one pack of tablets they ask about five rubles. The package contains 10 tablets. The cost varies depending on the amount of the medicine in the package, as well as the manufacturer.
What is it made of?
As the doctors explain, the use of calcium gluconate for the teeth, skeleton and soft tissues of the body is due to the composition of the drug: the content of this trace element reaches nine percent.On sale are semi-gram tablets, tablets with flavoring and flavoring "cocoa", intended for children (in them the calcium content is two times less, that is, a quarter of a gram). A five percent calcium solution diluted with fruit syrup is intended for use by children. Finally, in the form of ampoules, calcium gluconate is on sale at a dosage of 5, 10 ml.
Once in the human body, the substance is evenly distributed throughout all systems and organs, which is caused by the bloodstream carrying molecules of this trace element. Almost half of the ions of the main compound in the blood binds to proteins. Means with ease gets through a placenta. Studies have shown that the compound is observed in breast milk. Excretion from the human body mainly through the urinary system, with the metabolism of the kidneys.
Despite the fact that the instructions for use indicate that calcium gluconate is contraindicated during pregnancy, breastfeeding, in some cases, the attending physician may decide on the need for such treatment.In this case, therapy is accompanied by regular examination of the woman and the fetus. It is known that a surplus of calcium negatively affects the child - both unborn and fed by breast milk. If the doctor can substantiate the fact of the benefits of using the drug, and the positive aspects are more significant than the possible risks, then the remedy can be used. The patient should be warned about the possible negative effects of the treatment program.
Compatibility with other drugs
Calcium gluconate cannot be used if ethanol is ingested. The drug is not combined with sulfates, carbonates. It is impossible to simultaneously take salicylates and the medication in question, otherwise there is a high probability of generation of calcium salts, which are difficult to dissolve or are insoluble in general. These compounds accumulate in the tissues of the body. When using antimicrobial preparations based on tetracycline, the agent leads to the formation of insoluble complexes, due to which the effectiveness of tetracycline drops dramatically. When using blockers of slow calcium channels and the agent under consideration decreases the effectiveness of the first group of drugs.If “Verapamil” or other similar drugs are prescribed, the introduction of calcium gluconate into a vein before or after taking the drug reduces the effect on pressure.
If calcium gluconate and quinine-containing agents are used at the same time, this leads to a violation of conduction inside the ventricles of the heart. Quinine becomes more toxic to the body. When using cardiac glycosides and calcium gluconate in the form of tablets, the latter is not strongly recommended, as the toxicity of this group of medicines is increasing. Thiazide diuretic drugs can cause excessive accumulation of calcium in the patient's body. When using the agent we are considering and calcitonin with an increased concentration of calcium in the body, the effectiveness of the latter is significantly reduced. The drug adversely affects the bioavailability of phenytoin.
Clinical trials have shown that calcium gluconate does not have a significant effect on the peculiarities of human perception of the world, does not lead to a slowdown of mental, motor reactions. Thanks to this, it is possible to use the machine during the course of treatment with the drug, to control the exact mechanisms, and also to perform work tasks that require high concentration.The tool does not affect either the memory or the speed of thinking, nor the psyche of the patient.
The drug is intended for sale in specialized points (pharmacies). It is released strictly in the presence of the prescription from the attending doctor. On sale are drugs imported and domestically produced by various pharmaceutical companies.
Effective or not?
Since with a wide range of diseases there is a lack of calcium in the body, the drug is prescribed to a huge number of people. As a result, in the vast world wide web you can find many different responses about its effectiveness. Quite often, calcium gluconate is recommended for osteochondrosis. As noted by patients, real performance is not always noticeable. Others write that they do not perceive the drug very well when administered intramuscularly and intravenously, therefore they take pills.
Many people with osteochondrosis noted a decrease in pain with prolonged use in combination with other medicines. With the low price of calcium, gluconate is available to the general population, which means that with the advice of a doctor in attendance, you can try this therapy without much risk for yourself and your wallet.As can be seen from the reviews, thanks to the affordable price, even in a situation where there was no pronounced effect from the use, patients were not too disappointed.
There is a benefit
As can be seen from other reviews, if the drug was prescribed for sprains, the remedy soon had a positive effect, the condition of the patients improved, pains passed. Many say that the drug was treated by no means the first stretching in their lives, and therefore they have a sufficient basis for comparing the severity and effectiveness of the therapeutic program.
Often the drug is recommended for children, especially in the period of active growth. The lack of calcium in some cases provokes a violation of posture until the severe stage of scoliosis. The use of calcium gluconate in a reasonable dose helps to prevent this violation, as well as to improve the provision of tissues with this trace element during puberty.
Recommended to everyone
Many mention that the remedy is taken on the advice of a doctor as a prophylactic. In an adult, old age, this tool is really very useful, as it helps prevent the development of osteoporosis.With low cost and minimal side effects, the remedy (provided that, of course, it is used within reasonable limits) becomes a source of irreplaceable compound and allows blocking the development of many pathologies. Doctors emphasize the need to comply with the instructions for use, and advise you not to use the drug in excess of the amount of the norm.
This trace element is very important for the female body, including during menopause. Hormonal restructuring significantly affects a variety of areas of life, suffering health. In particular, calcium is quite actively washed out of the body, and it is possible to prevent the negative effects of natural processes by taking calcium gluconate. Calcium has a beneficial effect on the hormones of the female reproductive system, which simplifies the course of menopause.
No less important is the drug for various injuries affecting the bone system. Clinical trials have revealed that with proper, reasonable use of this remedy, fractures heal faster, patients are removed from gypsum earlier. As a prophylactic in case of injury, calcium gluconate (in ampoules or tablets) helps prevent the development of osteomyelitis.