Cherry Chermash: description, characteristics of the variety and reviews
In the summer season, summer residents are proud to share with each otherother crops. One of the first starts to please with its fruits the sweet cherry. Her sweet berries have attracted us since childhood, forcing to make outings to neighboring areas. There are many varieties, and each in its own way attractive. Cherry Chermashny will perfectly complement the variety of fruits in the garden and will become a favorite delicacy of the whole family. The article will help you learn about the intricacies of growing and caring for her.
Description of Cherry Cherry varieties should start with information about its origin. This species was created by the efforts of specialists of the All-Russian Selection Institute of Horticulture and Nursery.Scientists conducted an experiment in whichseeds of free pollination of another variety were sown, namely, Leningrad yellow. He was crowned with success, and AI Yevstratov, Kh. K. Enikeev, and NG Morozova became authors of a new type. Cultivate it is best in the Central region of Russia and some areas of the Non-Black Earth Region.
The appearance of the tree
Cherry tree grows with mediumintensity. Its height can reach 3-4.5 meters. The leaves form a crown of round-oval shape, the density is medium. The cherry shoots are straight, light brown with a slight shade of brown. The collapse is not observed. Fruit ripening occurs on bouquet branches and shoots of shortened length.
The plate does not exceed the average dimensions. It belongs to the number of lanceolate, has an elongated form of apex with a pointed end, the margin is medium-serrate. The petioles are up to 15 cm long. The outer side of the plate has a smooth surface with a glossy overflow and a bright green color.
Cherry cherry blossoms quite early, even before the leaves begin to blossom. The branches of the tree have a skeletal structure that extends at a straight or obtuse angle.
The berries grow quite abundantly, have an averagethe size. The weight of a single fruit reaches from 3.8 to 4.5 grams. The shape of the berries is rounded. Color light yellow. At first glance, it may seem that they are undersized, but this is a feature of the variety that does not affect the taste in any way.
And he is nice, nonspecific, sweet withsmall notes of acid. Specialists in the field of food tasting left their comments about cherry Chermashnaya variety. In their opinion, berries deserve a high score - 4.5 points on a five-point scale. Inside the fetus is a small round bone. Its surface is smooth, and from berries it is separated without difficulty.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- The taste of berries can be enjoyed at the end of June. This is one of the earliest varieties.
- The harvest will be stable every year.
- The taste of fruits is pleasant, they will become an excellent treat for the whole family.
- The variety practically does not suffer from pests and various fungal diseases.
Cherry Chermash, in addition to merits, has disadvantages:
- The variety is self-fertile.
- The berries crack with an excessive amount of moisture.
Subtleties of landing
The key to successful growth and yielddepends on the correct landing. Before you take a decent place in the garden for a seedling, a number of preparatory procedures should be carried out. The soil where the tree will be planted must be fertilized with nutrients, since a young specimen needs the forces to settle down in a new place.
The variety tolerates frosts, which is especially importantfor our climate, where the temperature can be frighteningly low. However, this does not mean that the sapling will survive any weather. Plant it is recommended in early spring.
The most suitable is a well-ventilateda garden plot where the seedling will receive the maximum amount of sunlight. Cherry is well established on a fertile and loose ground, where moisture easily penetrates. It is better to give preference to sandy loam or loamy soil. On peat and other heavy soils, the tree does not survive.
For the most important gardeners the following recommendations are important:
- Acidity - it should be neutral, no more than 6.5;
- The location of groundwater is not closer than 1.7 m.
It is necessary to avoid lowlands, because it is there that most often accumulates water, the roots of the tree are heated, decay and it dies.
How to prepare a site
Description of cherry Chermashnaya and its reviewswill not be complete without a description of the site preparation process. It is extremely selective to the soil. Before planting a tree, it is necessary to fertilize the site with mineral and organic fertilizers. If you plan to plant more than one seedling, then you can carry out the procedure on a large territory, if not, then an excellent option will be preparing a landing pit.
In the first case, it is necessary to start in the fall. When digging up land for 1 m², 2 buckets of fresh manure are harvested. If there is none, then you can replace it with compost. To them add 100-120 g of potassium or 150-180 g of phosphorus fertilizers.
In the second case,2 months. The pit must have a diameter of 1 m and a depth of up to 90 cm. The soil from the pit must be mixed with 10 kg of compost, 150-200 g of phosphorus fertilizers, 70 g of potassium. The harvested land falls asleep back. On top, it must be poured with a lime mortar.
How to choose a seedling
Not only the quality of the soil will depend on the future harvest. A quality seedling is able to better settle down in a new place and persistently endure cold or other negative factors.
Experienced gardeners can skillfully pick the right tree, but for those who encounter this for the first time, it is worth paying attention to the recommendations:
- On the roots there should not be overdried or frozen places. This is a sure sign that the seedling was kept in the wrong conditions and is not suitable for cultivation. The length of the roots is 25 cm.
- It is important to pay attention not only to appearance. The root cut must have a white color, since the presence of a brown hue indicates frozen or withered areas.
- The bark without damages, wounds and cracks is a sign of a good seedling.
Excellent reviews about Cherry Cherry fromgardeners who have already managed to appreciate the taste of delicacies, prompted many to join them. A little effort - and soon a beautiful tree with a mass of sweet fruits will appear on the site, which will please the whole family.