Chilblain frostbite in the child. Chilblain frostbite in the child - photo. Symptoms of frostbite on the cheek of a child
Winter - an excellent time of year, when the baby can notjust take a walk in the fresh air, but also have fun on the street. Sledding, playing in the snow, deliver to children of any age a lot of positive emotions and impressions. However, such consequences as hypothermia and frostbite of the cheeks in a child, can cloud all the positive from winter landscapes and walks. Preventive measures will help to prevent such situations, but if the cheeks are still not safe to save, parents should know how to help.
Causes of frostbite
Many of the parents make a huge mistake, thinking that the cause of frostbite babies can only become low air temperature, namely -10aboutC and below. In fact, the humidity of the air and the cold north wind are detrimental to open areas of the child's skin. In this weather, even on those winter sunny days, when the thermometer does not drop below -5aboutWith, walking with children should not be long or it is worth to refrain altogether from walks. This is especially true for infants who have not yet learned how to regulate heat exchange on their own.
Do not recommend such pediatricians' recommendationsin its own way and as much as possible to protect a small person from the street in the cold season, this can cause much more harm than short-lived frost games. For example, a light frostbite of the cheeks of a child Komarovsky - a famous pediatrician - calls the commonplace in the winter season. Sometimes it can be mistaken for a normal blush and simply moisten the cheeks of crumbs with a nutritious cream. Therefore, for parents to maintain the health of their heir, it is better to adhere to the golden mean and, depending on the weather conditions, adjust the time of the walk, but not abandon it.
What is frostbite?
Probably, many remember from the lessons of anatomy,that the feeling of cold under the influence of external low temperatures is nothing more than a protective reaction of the human body. She testifies about one thing - that the vessels are narrowed and the heat exchange is broken. There are many small capillaries in the skin that can not only narrow in the frost, but also completely cease to perform their functions. As a result, the skin remains defenseless, and some of its cells can suffer and even die. It is these processes, more commonly known as frostbite, that occur in the body of a person who has been in the cold for a long time.
Symptoms of frostbite of the child's exposed skin
The skin of toddlers has a special sensitivity,so parents should not compare their feelings with children. And the first signs of frostbite in the child's cheeks can be determined visually. When a child in the cold disappears the usual blush, and the skin becomes very pale or appear white spots, you need to go home urgently. If in a warm room affected skin areas within 5-10 minutes have acquired their usual color, there is no reason for excitement. But if this does not happen, and the child has additional signs of frostbite, such as trembling, drowsiness or, conversely, increased excitability or talkativeness, measures should be taken immediately.
Of course, do not forget about the individualitycrumbs, because active behavior can be inherent in him constantly, and excessive drowsiness indicates that the young traveler is tired or it's time to sleep. But if a child after a walk to the pallor of the skin adds a drop in body temperature to 35aboutC, there is an abruptness of speech and difficulties withpronunciation of words, it is not necessary to doubt frostbite. As a rule, with these symptoms, the affected skin loses sensitivity and becomes firm, which requires immediate treatment. And if Mom still has doubts that the child's frostbite has gotten frostbite, the photos of the manifestations of this disease will help to decide. Even in the images, parents can understand how serious the problem is.
What to do if there are any problems
Many parents the first symptoms of frostbite are notnotice or simply ignore, considering it an individual feature of the child's body, than they cause even more harm to their child. Minor changes in his condition or visual changes in the skin should be cause for concern. So, what needs to be done by discovering the first symptoms of frostbite of the cheeks in children? Small omnibus should be taken from the street in a warm room. Hot drink in these situations will help restore the blood circulation of the body, but in this case it is important not to overdo it. Excessively hot milk or tea a child can simply refuse to drink, do not need to force it, it is better to give him drinks of more familiar temperatures. After all, the purpose of this procedure is not to burn the body from the inside, but simply to warm it. Further measures should depend on the degree of frostbite of small cheeks. If the cold only touched the little face of the crumbs, then warming can be quite enough.
Treatment of hardened skin
If, as a result of frostbite, open areasbecame rigid, it is by no means impossible to begin massaging them on the street. Such actions will damage the delicate baby skin, it can even lead to rupture of its upper layers, which will bring the kid a lot of pain. You must first warm up a little know-all in a warm room, to give a warm drink and only then proceed to the restoration of blood flow to the affected areas. If the child has severe frostbite, the treatment should be performed by a qualified specialist.
But there are cases when such an option forfor some reason it is impossible, therefore parents should independently cope with the situation. You need to be patient and give your child first aid. To do this, the affected skin should be moistened with petroleum jelly or any nutritious cream. Then, with continuous circular motions, massage the hardened areas. The kid, of course, will be an opponent of such therapy, since the pain sensations at the touch can significantly increase, but this is the only way to restore blood circulation in the frostbitten tissues.
Activities in case of severe injury
Struggle with severe frostbite of child's cheeksit is necessary only under the supervision of specialists. Therefore, if the baby's skin has not only hardened, but also signs of ruptured capillaries that resemble a tangle of thin strands under the skin, call the ambulance without delay. In addition, such a severe frostbite of the cheeks in a child can become more complicated in the warmth by the appearance of watery blisters, which can not be touched in any case.
But this does not mean that before the arrival of the "fast" babyyou can not help yourself. Again, the crumb should be drunk, put on it clothes made from natural fabrics or wrapped in a blanket. With severe pain, you can give your child painkillers "Nurofen", "Ibufen", etc., most importantly - do not forget to inform the doctors of the "First Aid" about this. The main task of parents in this situation is to alleviate the suffering of their child and not exacerbate the condition of frostbitten cheeks. And further measures aimed at treating a small patient should be carried out by specialists.
What babies are at risk
Some moms believe that getting a strongfrostbite cheeks in a child can only inattentive and carefree parents. However, these are groundless speculations. Strongly frostbite open skin can babies with atopic dermatitis, exudative diathesis, paratrophy. The manifestations of these diseases are very similar to the symptoms of frostbite, so even the most caring and attentive moms can easily make a mistake with the diagnosis. In addition, the skin of babies after viral infections, stress and overfatigue is very susceptible to low temperatures, so these babies often get a strong frostbite. And to be treated in such situations is better under the supervision of doctors. It can be both inpatient treatment and home treatment with a regular visit to a medical institution.
Treatment of severe frostbite in hospital
The first thing the doctor will do is assess the degreefrostbite, then the baby will be prescribed a comprehensive medication. Initially, a small patient will be prescribed drugs "Analgin", "No-shpa" or "Aspirin", stopping pain and blood thinning. For superficial treatment of the affected skin, doctors recommend using Bapanten, Vinal, Traumeel or Levomekol ointments. If a deep frostbite of the cheek is diagnosed in a child, the treatment may include a course of antibiotic therapy that will prevent the inflammation of the soft tissues. Such drugs will be chosen by the attending physician taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient and the complexity of the disease, as well as the multivitamin complex.
Prevention of frostbite
Everyone knows that every disease is easierprevent than later treat. Therefore, going for a walk on a frosty winter day, do not neglect the recommendations of pediatricians. Lubricate the baby's cheeks with a protective cream, wear clothes made from natural fabrics, be sure to protect the neck with a scarf, but do not overdo it, they can not wrap up a face. Otherwise, at low temperatures and windy weather, frostbite of the cheeks in a child can become a real problem. Time to walk should be clearly adjusted, and as soon as a feeling of cold begins to appear, you must immediately go home.