Climate of Vladivostok, description of the city, time zone, economy
Vladivostok is the largest port city in Russia from Moscow. Vladivostok's climate is temperate, with monsoon precipitation. Time differs from Moscow time by as much as 7 hours, which allocates a city to a different time zone. Vladivostok is a city where industry, science, culture, education and transport are well developed. The environmental situation is relatively unfavorable.
Vladivostok is one of the largest port cities of the Russian Federation. It is located at the southern border of the country, on the Pacific coast. In comparative proximity to the city are the borders of China and North Korea. Vladivostok is the administrative center of Primorsky Krai.
The city is located on the small peninsula of Muravyev-Apostol. The coastline is pretty rugged; near the city there are bays.To the south, behind a narrow strait, is the island of Russian.
As is known, the most eastern of the Russian regions is the Far East. The city of Vladivostok is far more distant from the Russian capital than from a number of large cities in East Asia: Tokyo, Beijing, Seoul and others. The reason is the large elongation of the borders of the Russian Federation in the latitudinal direction in combination with the vast territory of the country.
To get to Vladivostok by train from Moscow, it will take 6 days, and if you fly by plane, then 8 hours.
Vladivostok time zone
The whole territory of Russia is divided into time zones. Vladivostok (Primorsky Krai) refers to the Vladivostok Time time zone. In the international reference system, it has the characteristics: UTC +10: 00. And in the Russian version - MSK + 7, which means a deviation from Moscow time by 7 hours.
Climate of Vladivostok
Primorsky Krai is characterized by the most comfortable conditions in comparison with other parts of the Far Eastern region. The climate of Vladivostok refers to the monsoon, temperate latitudes. In winter, increased atmospheric pressure background prevails, due to the spread of the Asian anticyclone.During this period, there is a movement of dry air masses from the cooled continent (north-westerly winds), therefore dry and cold weather keeps. In the summer, on the contrary, cyclonic activity increases, and warm and humid air flows from the ocean, with which heavy precipitation is associated.
Winter weather is set in November. Within 4-5 months, it is frosty, dry and often cloudy. But sometimes there are thaws, at which the maximum temperature can reach +10 degrees. The coldest winter month in the city is January (the average temperature is minus 11 degrees), and the snowiest is February.
Spring weather comes in March, and in early April the snow cover disappears. However, until the end of April frost is not uncommon. In May, the atmospheric circulation changes to the summer mode. In addition to rising temperatures, the amount of precipitation also increases, there may be thunderstorms, heavy rain and hail.
The onset of climatic summer coincides with the beginning of the calendar. The warmest month of the summer season is August, not July, as in the continental part of Primorsky Krai, which is due to the thermal inertia of the ocean.The average temperature at this time of year is +21 degrees. The second half of the summer is more humid than the first. At this time there are frequent heavy long rains associated with monsoon and typhoons.
Autumn comes in mid-September. It usually lasts until November.
In general, the climate of Vladivostok is quite humid. The annual rainfall in the city is about 1000 mm. Fogs are often observed.
Features of the city
Vladivostok (Primorsky Krai) is considered the largest city in the whole Far Eastern region. The population is about 600 thousand people, of which 47% are men and 53% are women. The city was founded in 1860. Prior to this, on the site of the city was taiga, in which tigers and other wild animals were found. Currently, Vladivostok is a large industrial, cultural, transport, scientific center, with the largest port in the region.
Vladivostok is the end point of the Trans-Siberian Railway. Due to its geographical position, the city receives products and goods from various parts of the globe.
Education, science and culture
Vladivostok has a great cultural and scientific potential. It houses 14 institutes of the academic level, including oceanological.There is also a large number of other research institutions and design organizations.
There are 9 higher educational institutions in the city, which train specialists of various profiles, including ship captains. There are also a large number of specialized secondary technical colleges.
Among the cultural institutions of the city, theaters became the most famous. There are also a philharmonic and a circus. Many museums, including local history and oceanographic, as well as the aquarium and art galleries. Not far from the city is a marine reserve.
The historical heritage includes more than two hundred monuments, but because of the youth of the city there are no antiquity buildings here.
The economy of Vladivostok is based on industrial production. The city presents almost all types of industry. The engineering, food, forestry and manufacturing industries have the greatest importance for the local economy.
In the first place in terms of importance is the production of food products (1/3 of the total production), the second place is in engineering (1/10 share).There are operating enterprises for the production and repair of ships, building materials, seafood processing, the production of porcelain, electronics, as well as a terminal for spilling oil into tankers.
The approach to the city’s largest railway in Russia and an international port ensure the good development of the transport complex.
In total, almost half of the urban population is involved in the manufacturing and transport sectors.
Port of Vladivostok
Vladivostok seaport is the largest Pacific port in Russia. It is located on the northwest coast of the Sea of Japan. The rapid increase in depth from the coast allows it to take a variety of vessels. Goods are delivered by the Trans-Siberian Railway. Similarly, the export of goods arriving at the port from other countries is carried out.
The rapid development of industry, port and transport infrastructure had a negative impact on the quality of air and water. The leading pollutants are nitrogen dioxide and formaldehyde. The main sources of air pollution are motor vehicles, industrial enterprises and CHP.A positive factor contributing to some air purification is the location of the city in the zone of frequent winds.
The greatest environmental problem is the pollution of coastal waters with oil products and plastic waste. The water in the Golden Horn Bay is particularly polluted. It ranks first on the list of the most polluted water areas of Russia. The surface of the water in it is everywhere covered with oil film, and at the bottom and in the water column accumulated a huge amount of toxic hydrocarbons and other toxic substances. Sedimentary deposits contain about 800,000 tons of precipitated petroleum products, as well as dozens of tons of non-ferrous metals. All this makes the fish living there unsuitable for food.