Crimean champagne: history, description
Ancestor of champagne can be considered a monk, whose name is Dom Pierre Perignon. He lived in the XVII century. He owned such inventions as a thick-walled bottle and cork stopper. In addition, it was Dom Perignon who picked up the classic grape varieties for sparkling wine. The monk did not spare the time and effort to experiment. After all, it was necessary to achieve an exquisite sparkling taste and at the same time not lose in quality. It is for this classic technology that Crimean champagne is made to this day.
Briefly about the production technology
The French have a special name for champagne - “the king of wines, the wine of kings”. In the production of elite species of this drink is used only one specific grape variety. In wines of a cheaper class, several varieties can be used, but even here only fresh and healthy berries are used. Such strict rules adhere to not only the French. Crimean champagne is made according to the same principles.Reviews of domestic sparkling drink only positive.
After harvesting the berries immediately go under the press, to get pure fresh juice. Breeding yeast is added to this juice, after which the wort ferments for some time. After the initial fermentation, sugar is added to the wine materials and bottled. Already bottled champagne wanders about a year.
The secondary fermentation process takes place on music stands; bottles are inserted into them in a horizontal position and slowly, over a period of several months, are turned upside down.
At the end of this process, a specially trained worker (de-gator) removes the plugs. The sediment that has fallen to the neck, pours out with a small part of the wine. Then the degorger is added to the bottle instead of the splashed drink expeditionary liqueur. It consists of water, sugar and brandy alcohol. And only after that the bottle is closed with a cork stopper and sent to the shop windows.
Hard and dangerous work
At first, it may seem that the operation of the desceiver is quite simple and safe. But It is worth noting that you need to try very hard so that when opening a bottle of it, along with the sediment, a minimal amount of wine is spilled. Therefore, such workers go to students for a long time.To become a true master of his craft, it requires great experience, and manual dexterity plays an important role.
In addition, during the last blockage of the cork, even thick-walled bottles often burst. The degorger should have a special uniform that will protect it from splinters.
The history of champagne "New World"
Now Russian champagne has become very popular. Crimean Sparkling takes the leading place among domestic products.
This plant was founded in Sudak at the end of the XVIII century and known to this day by Prince L. S. Golitsyn. The famous Golitsyn cellars were laid in 1890. They have a rather complicated infrastructure. Each branch of this basement has access to the sea. Thanks to this structure, the humidity and temperature required for wine were always maintained in the tunnels.
Lev Sergeyevich had an estate called New World, it was there that he grew his collection vines, which he had previously collected from around the world. The prince had separate basements, which were knocked out right in the rock, for storing collection wines.
The workers of Prince Golitsyn worked tirelessly.Enormous work was done and in four years about three kilometers of wine galleries appeared in the rock. Such a move was made in the grotto of Chaliapin, which is now often called the Golitsyn grotto.
Awards Golitsyn wines
The first Crimean champagne was released in 1899, already in 1900 the first awards were received, and international ones. In France, at the World Exhibition, the silver Grand Prix Cup was won with Paradisio sparkling wine, which means “Paradise”.
However, in order to appreciate the Crimean champagne, the prince had to resort to tricks. Since the judges were too picky and would hardly have tried the product from Russia, Golitsyn put on his sparkling display under the well-known French brand Mmum. The drink was appreciated, but came to incredible indignation when the trick was revealed. Fortunately for Lev Sergeyevich, it was impossible to turn back the clock, praise was distributed, and awards were conferred.
By the way, now the release of the drink has resumed, and now the opportunity has appeared to try the famous champagne "Crimean Brut Paradisio".
New World after the Revolution
After the revolution, the plant did not work for about twenty years.Most likely, the proletariat considered champagne a drink of the bourgeois. And even after the opening of the plant in the 30s, sparkling wines did not become public, they were in great short supply for about half a century.
Sparkling wine factories started their work all over the country. Such an enterprise was in almost every more or less large city. But the products manufactured by them were quite primitive. Almost all the factories called their drink "Soviet Champagne." It was affordable, and it had a pleasant taste, but the Crimean semi-sweet champagne from Prince Golitsyn’s cellar was two orders of magnitude higher than any Soviet. Red champagne is most often made from Cabernet grapes.
Golitsyn wines in the modern world
Champagne from the New World owns seven dozen medals and awards. Among them are not only the “Grand Prix”, but also the “Supergran-Prix”. In the 97th year of the last century, this drink was awarded the “Golden Statuette” at the International Competition of the Trade Club.
One interesting fact: if you do not shake a quality matured champagne, then there will be no cotton or foam release when opening.
"Pinot-Gri Millesim New World", harvest 2013
This is a dry Crimean champagne, which includes only the grape variety Pinot Gris. Alcohol - from 10.5 to 13%, carbohydrates - 10 g / dm3. At the tasting summit of winemakers, this drink was awarded a bronze medal.
This unique white Crimean champagne is made by the classic bottle method. The drink has a light coral color. The aroma is pronounced fruit and berry notes. The taste is balanced and fairly harmonious, with mineral tones. Well pronounced aftertaste. Perfectly combines sweetish notes with pleasant freshness.
Wine will amaze even the most exquisite gourmet. It is best to combine it with fish, also suitable young veal, game or poultry, vegetables and fruits.
Due to its extraordinary taste, the drink perfectly complements both salty and sweet dishes. You can also serve it as an aperitif.
"Riesling Cuvée de Pristize New World", harvest 2013
This champagne belongs to the class of extra brut. Alcohol in it, as in the previous one, but the carbohydrate content is much lower than 2 g / dm3. This is also a varietal champagne, so, besides Riesling, there are no more grapes in it.
In 2016, this wine was awarded the first prize at the International Professional Competition of Wines and Spirits. The same classic bottle technology is used, only selected grapes are allowed.
Champagne has a light straw color. The bouquet is dominated by wildflowers and herbs. The taste of the drink is perfectly balanced and has a mineral shade with a long finish. A slight bitterness of grapefruit gives spice to wine. It goes well with seafood, the Crimean fruit, and it can be served to the dessert.
Champagne "Pinot Fran"
Wine with such a name can be both dry and semi-dry, but the most popular, of course, Crimean semi-sweet champagne. That is about him and will be discussed. Alcohol here is from 10 to 13 percent, and carbohydrates 50 g / dm3. Now it is considered the best among the single-grade pink sparkling wines of the Crimea. It is also produced by the classical method. You will not confuse its color with anything. It seems that the bright Crimean peach magically sparkled in the glass.
The aroma is also quite recognizable. Red Crimean fruits are immediately felt in wine. The taste of champagne is so delicate and elegant that you want to try it again and again.In the aftertaste pronounced fruit tones, as well as gooseberries and red currants. This wine can be served as a meat dish, and desserts.
Of course, Crimean champagne is produced sweet, but since it is not included in the category of elite wines, we will not dwell on it.
What factories in the Crimea produce real champagne and wine
According to a study of the Institute of Viticulture on the peninsula, there are only seven manufacturers who produce high-quality natural products that meet all the requirements of GOST. It:
- "New World".
- Gold beam. "
- "Sunny Valley".
But even the wines of these brands are not worth buying in the market. Real alcoholic beverages are sold exclusively in retail stores or directly from the factory. And remember that the new Crimean champagne is in no way inferior to the sparkling wine of the time of Prince Golitsyn only if it is real.
What to look for when buying
Now all information about the wine should be listed on the label. Therefore, if the champagne was not produced in the right place, it will in any case be indicated.For example, the label may shout to you that this is the “New World”, but on the back label it will be indicated that this is the Kharkov factory of champagne. Either the label is obviously Massandra, and it says "Massandra," but there is not a single medal, and on the counter label it says: "Odessa region".
So be careful if you want to buy exactly the Crimean champagne. Reviews of honored experts say that such a noble drink is worth trying, and not just once in life, but enjoy it from time to time. After all, it is this sparkling drink that we associate with the most pleasant dates.