Eggplant in the greenhouse: growing and care
Eggplant is an unusually tasty and healthy vegetable, and many gardeners would like to see it in their area. However, growing it is not too easy and requires some effort. Practiced as planting eggplant in open ground, and in the greenhouse. In the greenhouse, this vegetable feels very good. After all, the conditions in it are very similar to those to which he was accustomed in his homeland - in hot India.
What to consider
By following some rules, you can get excellent eggplants in the greenhouse. Growing them in this case has some peculiarities. The conditions that this plant requires are somewhat different from those required for other crops. Therefore, it is best to grow eggplants separately from the other greenhouse vegetables. Allowed the neighborhood of this plant only with other members of the family Solanaceae, for example, tomatoes.
Eggplants in the greenhouse, the cultivation of which is possible by seedlings, will perfectly take root on light fertile soils. Seeds are planted in the ground around mid-February. In this case, the harvest will be available earlier.The fact is that eggplants bloom only three months after planting. However, it is necessary to ensure that the seedlings do not outgrow. Otherwise, a good harvest can not be obtained. Eggplants, which are grown in a greenhouse according to special rules, do not like transplants too much. Therefore, it is necessary to transfer the seedlings to a permanent place as carefully as possible. At the roots, a lump of earth should remain.
Transfer to the beds
The presence of eight leaves suggests that they are ready for transplanting eggplants. Growing in greenhouses is more preferable than in the open field because it creates the optimum temperature. However, if you wish, you can carry the seedlings and open beds. If the plants are left in the greenhouse, care must be taken to ensure that the air humidity in it does not exceed 70%. Otherwise, conditions will be created for the development of various diseases, which this vegetable does not resist too well. Observing the required level of humidity, you can grow excellent eggplants in the greenhouse. Cultivation will be successful with regular airing. This is another of the mandatory measures.It is necessary from time to time to open the vents and doors. When planting seedlings, it is important not to deepen it into the ground well below the level at which the plants were in the soil before. Only if this condition is met will it be possible to get good eggplants in the greenhouse. Growing them also implies proper watering. Eggplants are planted in moist soil, and then mulched with sawdust. After that, they are not watered at all for several days (about five). In the future, it is necessary to moisten the soil under the bushes once a week.
Eggplant - plants that need a sufficiently large number of trace elements. Therefore, feeding must also be given due attention. For the first time, plants are fertilized when transferred to open ground, adding a spoonful of superphosphate and potash to it. Later in the season, the eggplants are fed three times more with complex mineral fertilizers.