Frigate 11356: photo and history of the project
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, all the efforts of the creators of the unique warships, who were able to wipe out small states, were frustrated. At the turn of the 90s, the shipbuilding industry in Russia, like the armed forces, underwent tremendous difficulties. For all the time of the country's recovery, the ships that are already in service with the Russian fleet have not even been modernized. It was important to revive the old practice of building ships with great potential and rejuvenate the Black Sea Fleet in the current difficult conditions. To return to the Russian fleet the former glory is planned by implementing projects 22350 and 11356.
Refusal of the project 22350
The commencement of the construction of different types of frigates, envisaged by the project 22350, caused an ambiguous reaction from military experts. The emergence of new ships, in the opinion of many experts, would entail an increase in the cost of their maintenance and repair. Launching the untested ship system could take more than one year, so work on project 22350 was temporarily suspended.
Ships for the Black Sea Fleet
The situation is quite different with ships of project 11356. The Russian industry has already mastered these frigates. Six ships made at the Baltic shipyard "Yantar", successfully used in the Indian Navy.
It was decided that in the Russian Navy a vessel of project 11356 would serve in the Black Sea and its adjacent waters. The main tasks of these ships will be to demonstrate the St. Andrew's flag, to participate in anti-piracy events, as well as to carry out defensive and attack missions. The lead patrol frigate of project 11356 “Admiral Grigorovich” became a symbol indicating the return of the Titan ships to the system.
What is a "patrol"?
The lead patrol frigate 11356 "Admiral Grigorovich" got its name in honor of Admiral I. K. Grigorovich, who from 1911 to 1917 was the naval minister of Russia.
Work on the creation of this vessel began in December 2010 at the Kaliningrad slipway "Yantar" under factory number №01357. In April 2015, the frigate 11356 "Admiral Grigorovich" was ready for the test. This ship was tested until the end of the same year. In 2016, after the signing of the acceptance certificate and the raising of the naval flag, the frigate 11356 “Admiral Grigorovich” was officially put into service with the Russian Navy.Today it is secured as a surface patrol ship for the 30th division of the Black Sea Fleet.
The frigate 11356, according to the developers, should be as comfortable as possible for the crew. This was achieved by improving ergonomics. Design engineers carried out thorough work to distribute the space of the frigate as efficiently as possible. In this case, all the little things were taken into account: combat posts and places of rest were miscalculated more than once. The hull of each “patrolman” of the project 11356 was equipped with add-ons with a modified architecture, providing a small visibility of the ship.
During the inter-fleet transfer to Sevastopol (May-June 2016), “Admiral Grigorovich” was used to detect “enemy” submarines in the framework of mandatory tests.
In the Black Sea, this frigate conducted artillery firing at a towed special shield. Shooting was also carried out on targets that were dropped on the water by aircraft. The seaport in Novorossiysk became the place where this frigate took part in the contest “Sea Cup 2016”. In August, the ship passed a training exercise to eliminate enemy submarines.In the role of the enemy used the underwater ship "Rostov-on-Don". The ship took part in the "Russian week on the Ionian Islands" (public forum).
In November 2016, the Admiral Grigorovich left the port of Sevastopol and headed for the Syrian shores. The task of the frigate is to strengthen the Russian Navy of the Mediterranean.
"Admiral Grigorovich" - the most protected frigate of the project 11356. The photo presented in the article shows the general view of the vessel. The frigate provides protection “Calm” - an anti-aircraft missile system. In the event of a threat, the missiles of this air defense system are the first to fight.
According to experts, training or training events with the participation of the frigate are no different from fighting. In order to intercept the target both during training and in combat, the crew of the frigate is given only a few seconds.
Automation of the vessel "Admiral Grigorovich" is provided with the help of the management system of the CICS. This information system processes data on the bearing, range, course and target speed using high-performance computing systems.
The CICS is considered the best in the world, as it can not only process data, but also control the ship’s armament. The system displays a tactical situation that is rapidly changing in combat conditions. The collection, processing and display of data is carried out automatically. Next, the converted information is obtained from the ship’s navigation and weapon system. Thus, the frigate can conduct combat operations both in operational connection with the Navy and independently.
The ship can carry out a massive rocket fire with the help of new installations of the Caliber-NK (cruise missiles). Each frigate 11356 is equipped with this weapon. The photo presented in the article shows the armament of the Admiral Grigorovich. In November 2016, the Caliber-NK rocket launchers were effectively used in Syria during the destruction of the infrastructure targets of the Islamic state.
Project 11356 ships can carry out attacks using, in addition to cruise missiles, the A-190 shipboard artillery. Employees of the Central Scientific Research Institute "Burevestnik" were engaged in its creation. This weapon is a 100-millimeter 15-ton installation,which in a minute is capable to carry out 80 shots.
Especially for ships of project 11356, the Tula PBC created the Palash artillery anti-aircraft missile system. It is a single tower installation with effective multi-mode rocket armament and built-in control system. According to experts, a ship equipped with such a weapon will become invulnerable when the enemy strikes simultaneously with four anti-ship missiles.
What has been improved?
Contrary to the prevailing belief that a single ship can perform only one specific task, ships of project 11356 are designed to work with several types of targets.
The frigate 11356 "Admiral Grigorovich" is effectively used both for the destruction of enemy submarines and for the shelling of surface ships. This was made possible thanks to a special identification system, which assigns the meaning of “alien” to any enemy target. With such a system it is planned to equip the Admiral Grigorovich and the frigate of project 11356 Admiral Essen, which will serve in the Black Sea.
Second patrol ship
The second patrol ship of the project 11356 was the "Admiral Essen".Frigate 11356 created by engineers of the Northern PKB. The name of the vessel was in honor of Admiral N. O. von Essen. A third ship, the Admiral Makarov, is undergoing tests; the construction of the remaining frigates has been suspended due to the disruption of Ukraine’s supplies of necessary equipment.
Design work on the frigate "Admiral Essen" was launched in 2011. The ship was laid down in the Baltics by workers of the Kaliningrad shipbuilding plant “Yantar”. The frigate was listed under number 01358.
In the fall of 2014, the Admiral Essen was ready for running trials. November 7, he was launched at number 751. After successful factory tests in November 2015, the frigate was first launched, and in 2016 it was successfully tested at the state level. On March 23, the ship sailed from the Baltic naval base and sailed in the direction of the Northern Fleet.
The frigate was to make an inter-fleet transition. During the flight, the crew carried out joint maneuvering with the accompanying ships. The inter-fleet passage allowed the sailors to check the ship’s navigation, communications and radio equipment. The crew of the "Admiral Essen" successfully conducted compulsory shooting practice.Ship armament complexes were also successfully tested in the Barents Sea. Mandatory state tests were completed in April 2016.
Initially, it was decided that this frigate will be transferred to the Black Sea Fleet at the end of May 2016. It was assumed that this date would be May 26. However, on the 25th it was decided to carry out an additional test. On June 7, 2016, a naval flag was hoisted on the Admiral Essen frigate. On the same day, the new ship entered service with the Black Sea Fleet of Russia.
Multipurpose "patrol" project 11356 equipped with the latest weapons and electronic equipment. The vessel’s data are adapted to withstand both surface and underwater combat units of the enemy. It is expected that the release of all the guard, planned for the project 11356, will be provided with a cardinal rejuvenation of the Russian Navy.