Geography: where is Peru
The country of Peru, whose location makes it extremely distant from the major centers of economic development and large markets, has been able to overcome obstacles in recent decades and has shown significant economic growth. At the same time, political stability in the state was achieved by not entirely unambiguous methods. However, despite all the inconsistencies of economic development and state-building, Peru is rightly considered one of the most popular countries among lovers of exotic travel.
Peru's advantageous location
The region where Peru is located is known for its ancient civilizations, which were destroyed with the arrival of European colonialists in South America. But, although the cultures were destroyed, the material monuments, nevertheless, survived.
Today, numerous buildings, inherited by the modern Peruvian from the Incas, attract many tourists from all over the world, and ancient history is taking root ever deeper in popular culture.
But besides the ancient history, the continent, where Peru is located, boasts enormous natural riches, which include minerals, numerous species of rare animals, but most importantly - tropical forests, which also like Brazilian ones are justly called the lungs of the planet.
Nature of peru
The length of the coastline of the country reaches 2414 kilometers, which allows the Peruvian economy to exploit large amounts of marine resources. These include not only minerals, but also significant stocks of marine fish that are supplied to the world market.
The coast of Peru is a vast plains surrounded by high and steep Andes. In these parts they are represented by the Western and Eastern Cordillera. Mountains make up a large part of the Peruvian landscape. In total, there are more than thirty peaks on the territory of the republic, whose height exceeds 6000 meters. The highest of them is Uaskaran, which reaches 6,768 meters above sea level.
Another distinctive feature of the landscape is a huge lowland in the Amazon, which is almost entirely occupied by rainforests.In the rest of the country, vegetation is extremely scarce, represented mainly by cacti and hard grasses, undemanding to moisture. Agriculture is possible only under the condition of artificial irrigation.
The capital of the republic
Lima is a city in Peru, where the residence of the president of the country, the parliament and the government of the republic. The capital was founded by the Spanish conquistadors in 1535, and during its existence managed to visit both the center of all the Spanish colonies in South America, and the capital of a sovereign state, founded back in 1821.
For many centuries, the city developed and rebuilt, but the central part remained almost untouched. The unique spirit of colonial architecture has been preserved here. The historical center of the Peruvian capital is so important to world culture that in 1988 it was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List. The region where Peru and its capital are located is partly a continuation of the Chilean Atacama desert with an appropriate climate.
Pacific coast of Peru
Despite the small territory, Peru boasts a large variety of climatic conditions in different regions of the country.For example, in mountainous areas, the climate depends on the height and ranges from subequatorial arid to tropical rainy.In the eastern regions, subequatorial is pronounced with not very pronounced seasonality, high rainfall, and extensive rain forests. But the most remarkable is the coastal region of the country, because here the arid land with a slight annual rainfall is found with ocean expanses.
On the coastal plains of Peru, no more than 50 millimeters of precipitation a year falls, making the region where Peru is located, one of the driest in South America.
National Park "Uaskaran"
The park received its name by the name of the mountain Uuskaran, which is the highest point of Peru and the fourth highest mountain in all of South America. Geographers refer the mountain to the Cordillera Blanca massif (the so-called White Cordillera).
The beauty of the local nature is great and treacherous. The main attraction of the park - the peak Uaskaran - has repeatedly caused many human victims. And it's not just the difficulty of climbing to the top, but also the unusual structure of its slopes, as well as the proximity of housing to the foot of the mountain.
In 1941, the first catastrophic event occurred, the victims of which were more than five thousand people. On that sad day, December 13, the high-mountainous lake Palkochocha broke through a thin earthen wall, fencing it off from the mountain slope, and brought down a huge mudflow to the nearest village.
The region where the country of Peru is located is known for its earthquakes, including those occurring in the waters of the Pacific Ocean.
On May 31, 1970, in the Peruvian region of Ankash, an earthquake that was catastrophic in its consequences, which killed 20,000 people, happened.However, the main reasons for such a large number of victims were avalanche convergence and volumetric mudslides. According to scientists, the avalanche volume was eighty million cubic meters of ice, stones and mud. Under the powerful mudflow, moving at a speed of 220 km / h, two small towns were found buried in the immediate vicinity of the mountain slope.