Grachev Pavel Sergeevich: biography, wounds and contusions, causes of death
The personality of Pavel Sergeyevich Grachev is known to most people interested in politics. He held a high position at the most difficult time for the country, devoted most of his life to military activities. In order to learn about the biography of Pavel Sergeyevich Grachev, as well as to get better acquainted with the successes in the career of a soldier, you just need to read the article.
Pavel Grachev was born on the first day of the new year of 1948. His birthplace is a small village near Tula. Pavel Sergeyevich's family was the simplest: his father, Sergey Grachev, worked as a mechanic at the factory, and his mother was a milkmaid in his native village.
In 1964, Pavel Grachev graduated with success from school, and the following year he entered the Airborne Troops School, which is located in Ryazan. Upon graduation, in 1969, Grachev was awarded a gold medal in several specialties.In 1978, being already an experienced soldier, Pavel Sergeevich listened to a course of lectures at the military academy, which bears the name of Mikhail Vasilyevich Frunze. She also graduated with honors. After studying Grachev was sent to Afghanistan.
The beginning of a military career
Since 1969, for several years, Grachev commanded the reconnaissance platoon of the Airborne Division located in Kaunas, which is located in Lithuania. The next four years Pavel Sergeevich commanded a cadet company at the Ryazan Airborne School, and until 1978 Grachev was in the post of commander of a training battalion.
Military activities after the hostilities in Afghanistan
Grachev returned to the USSR in 1983 after participating in the Afghan armed conflict, where he held the position of deputy commander, and later himself began to command the Guards regiment. Pavel Sergeevich was sent to Kaunas, where he served as chief of staff. Good service was appreciated: in 1984, Grachev received the rank of colonel ahead of time, and in November 1986 he was given a new title, Major General.
Awards and titles
In May 1988, Grachev Pavel Sergeevich was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.Grachev received this honorable award for the fact that the combat mission under his strict guidance was carried out with minimal human casualties, in particular, Pavel Sergeyevich showed himself well in the most difficult combat operation “Highway”.
Participation in the August putsch and further promotion
On August 20, 1991, Grachev was ordered to send troops to Moscow to protect the most important objects. This order he carried out, sending a Tula 106th airborne division to the combat mission. On August 23, Pavel Sergeevich was appointed First Deputy Minister of Defense of the USSR. At the beginning of November this year in connection with the resignation of the cabinet of ministers, he began to fulfill duties related to defense issues. Grachev believed that it was necessary to create a common defense system of the CIS countries.
April 1992 was marked by another high appointment of a soldier, this time he became the Deputy Minister of Defense of Russia. His duties included the control of military units under the authority of the Russian troops. In May 1992, Pavel Sergeevich was appointed general of the army. The first general of the army in the history of the Russian Federation.
RF Minister of Defense
The promotion went by leaps and bounds. May 18, 1992 Pavel Sergeevich took the post of Minister of Defense. Most of the top officials in the ministry Grachev distributed to his fellow soldiers in Afghanistan. He opposed liberties in the army, considered unity of command as the only possible option for conducting business in the armed forces. He banned the All-Russian officers' meeting and the professional union of servicemen, which caused the indignation of the military.
In June 1992, Grachev’s decision to transfer half of all weapons belonging to the Soviet army to the Chechen politician Dudayev caused a big response. Pavel Sergeevich called it forced measures, since the weapon actually already belonged to the militants, and there was no way to take it out. This situation had a very negative impact on the military clash that happened two years later, when fire was fired from the transferred weapons against Russian soldiers.
Pavel Sergeevich Grachev supported the President of Russia Boris Yeltsin, which caused a sharply negative attitude of the opposition. On October 3, riots broke out in Moscow, during which Grachev, despite his statements thatthat the army should perform only the functions of protecting the motherland and not interfere in the internal affairs of the state, brought troops into the city, which took the parliament building by storm.
Pavel Sergeevich repeatedly admitted that he was opposed to the entry of Russian troops into Chechnya, but Yeltsin and Chairman of the Council of Ministers, Chernomyrdin, did not share his opinion. The management of military operations in Grozny was not very successful, and Grachev returned to Moscow. Since then, he has been subjected to even greater criticism not only from opposition groups, but also from former comrades.
Pavel Sergeevich's activities after the end of his military career
In December 1997, Grachev added another position to his record, becoming an adviser to the general director of the large Rosvooruzhenie company. In 2000, Pavel Sergeevich was elected president of the Airborne Force - Combat Brotherhood Foundation. Since 2007, he has been working as an adviser to the general director at the AS Popov radio plant. In the same year, he was transferred to the reserve.
Investigations and charges
Security Council Secretary A. Lebed stated that the thefts that Grachev committed were the cause of the armed conflict in Chechnya.The media actively supported this position of Lebed and blamed Pavel Sergeevich for repeatedly acquiring expensive cars illegally. Grachev himself did not refute this information, but he was not involved in the investigations either.
In October 1994, the murder of journalist Dmitry Kholodov, in which Grachev was suspected, was committed. In addition to Pavel Sergeyevich, some officers were accused of the case. All defendants were acquitted, and the crime was never solved. An investigator of the investigative department, Shchelkovo, about Grachev, Pavel Sergeevich, recalled that during interrogations the former defense minister was very confident, which confused even experienced policemen. The investigator did not understand the nature of such confidence: either Grachev really had nothing to hide, or he knew that they would never find serious evidence against him.
last years of life
On the night of September 11-12, Grachev was admitted to the cardiological resuscitation department of the A. Vishnevsky, which is located in the suburban town of Krasnogorsk. Pavel Sergeevich was not on September 23, 2012. The cause of Pavel Sergeevich Grachev’s death was that the media called a severe hypertensive crisis, and according to one of the versions, it could have been poisoning.An official report from the Russian Defense Ministry indicated that the real cause of Grachev’s death was acute inflammation of the brain. He has a wife and two grown children.
- The number of wounds and contusions of Grachev Pavel Sergeevich, received by him during his service, is amazing: he was contused eight times and received about ten wounds.
- Despite the fact that the official date of birth of Pavel Sergeevich is January 1, 1948, he stated that he was born on December 27, 1947.
- During his military service, Pavel Sergeyevich committed an amazing number of parachute jumps - 647 times he jumped from an airplane.
- Pavel Sergeevich Grachev became the youngest army general in the history of Russia. This title was awarded to him in 44 years.
- In 1993, Grachev participated in the finalization of the new constitution of Russia.
- Pavel Sergeevich believed that it was necessary to form the army according to a mixed principle and introduce a contractual basis.
- Interestingly, there is a full namesake of the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, part of the board of directors of the company Polyus Gold - Grachev Pavel Sergeevich, the biographies of these famous men are often confused because of the same names.Such confusion has repeatedly created awkward situations. Thus, in the article about the director of Polyus Gold, Grachev Pavle Sergeevich, there was a photo of his namesake - a soldier.