Horsehair (worm): myths and real dangers
Bathing people or simply people near the water often notice a long worm in the water. In the people he is widely known under the name "hairy" or "horsehair" (worm). There are many rumors and stories about the danger of this invertebrate to humans.
These worms live in the reservoirs of the whole world. The concentration of mature individuals are freshwater reservoirs. It is believed that the presence of horsehair in water guarantees the purity of water. An adult worm can grow up to thirty (and even forty) centimeters in length, while its thickness is no more than a few millimeters.
Its color varies from black to white. But more often dark-colored individuals. And they gave the name not by chance, the appearance of the animal resembles long hair. One scholar of the sixteenth century mentioned this being in his writings. He denied the possibility that it came from the hair of a horse's tail.Even in ancient times, people were worried about such a parasite as horsehair (a worm). What is this representative of invertebrates dangerous to humans, everyone should know.
In the waters of our country live hairworms belonging to the genus Gordius. Linnaeus gave the name to the genus by the following association: during mating, these invertebrates twist and weave into Gordian knots.
Reproduction and infection of animals
After mating, the worm lays eggs in the amount of up to one million. The larvae that have appeared are parasites, their size is from fifty to one hundred microns. In the body of the carrier fall in different ways, including with food. If an animal, inside of which a larva has appeared, is not suitable for its further development, then it leaves it. Perfectly adapts to many horsehair conditions. This worm can stay in the body for a long time without reminding itself.
If an infected animal eats another, then the larvae pass into the body of a predator. Here its development goes into the final phase. The parasite can influence the behavior of the victim in order to push it to move to the reservoir.When the owner will be at the water, the worm will start making its way out of his body. So it turns in the water horse hair (worm). The dangerous parasite can be found below in the article.
It is interesting to follow the movement of hair in the water. As a rule, he swims along the bottom, making snakelike movements, while his body forms loops and even small balls. At a quick glance, this can be taken for his effort to curl around himself. An adult worm lives no longer than three weeks. This is explained by the fact that the ingestion of food in an animal’s body ceases while it leaves the carrier, it lives exclusively on stocks made during the period of parasitism. It is not always after a horsehair (worm) leaves the body of a carrier that it finds a new prey.
The shape of the worm causes a lot of discomfort to people from ancient times. Everywhere you can hear stories that the worm penetrated the body of the swimmers and parasitized it for a long time. Others say that a hairy wriggle out through a hole in a person’s skin. They say that the worm is able to destroy a person, hitting his heart.Many myths have gathered horse hair (worm) around him. Than this parasite is dangerous for the person, we will understand right now.
In fact, this animal will not harm humans. This harmless creature in adulthood does not parasitize at all. At this time, it stops even to eat. Leaving behind the offspring is his only goal. Only by coincidence, hairy larvae can be inside the domestic animals. In them, the larvae will not live long and do not harm their health. Despite this, the horsehair (worm) causes disgust. Photos of the parasite allow us to understand exactly how this creature looks.
Myths about the parasite
In the larval stage, horsehair is parasitic in the body of insects and cannot cause harm to humans. And all the stories about the fact that the hair-worm can parasitize in the human body can be explained by the fact that this creature has an appearance similar to the threads that can harm human health by parasitizing it.
Biologists have studied in detail this type of worms and assure that it is harmless to humans. And the presence of hairy water in water, refer to the signal that you are going to swim in a really clean reservoir.Horsehair doesn’t live in dirty reservoirs, this worm prefers only an ideal aquatic environment.