How much and how often does a newborn breastfeed during breastfeeding and bottle-feeding?
The feces of a newborn baby is an important indicator of children's well-being. The frequency of the stool and its main qualities (color, density, smell, volume, presence of extraneous inclusions) speak about the work of the digestive system of infants.
Also by these characteristics it is possible to understand whether the child is eating enough, if he has any diseases. Having noticed changes in the frequency or characteristics of the stool, parents do not understand whether it is worth going to the doctor or is this the norm. That is why it is so important to know how often a baby should be kakak and what can be its feces.
"Normal" chair and its variations
Norm is always something averaged and therefore various “deviations” are possible. It is impossible to definitely say that “a newborn child should be crap 8 times a day, and his feces must be green or yellow.”
Any newborn is an individuality, so the acts of defecation depend on many factors, including:
- features of digestion;
- what is feeding;
- health status;
- type of delivery.
The most important thing that should worry parents is that the chair should be painless, regular, without bloody inclusions, and the child himself should not have any unpleasant feelings during the act of defecation.
Next, we consider not only the “normal” chair, but also various variations that also fall into the “norm” category.
- Stool frequency
First, the child leaves meconium - the first feces of a newborn, the color of which is dark green or even blackish, and from 5 days a baby starts to establish a certain rhythm of bowel movement: every two days to 10 times a day.
Usually newborns cocoa while feeding or immediately after eating. However, feces in two days is also the norm, if only it is regular, and the bowel movement itself takes place calmly, without tears and severe pressure.
An adult child pokes less often: by 8 weeks the baby empty the intestines about 3-5 times a day, by half a year - 2-3 times, by 12 months - twice a day.If newborns cocoa once a day, the rhythm is preserved further, only the consistency changes (the stool is already firmer).
- Stool volume
How much a child pokes, depends on how much food he used before. The newborn of the first month of life poops very little - about 20 grams per day. From the second half of the year, stool volume increases to 40 grams.
The norm for a newborn baby is a soft, mushy stool. However, liquid and rather thick calories also fall into the “normal” category. The ideal option for small children is quite liquid and homogeneous feces, which are absorbed into the diapers, coloring it in a characteristic color.
In older babies, the feces are harder, reminiscent of a thick, mushy consistency, by 12 months it is almost completely shaped, but it is plastic and soft.
Color variations for the chair of newborns are numerous. It can be yellow, golden brown, yellow green, yellow with whitish lumps, brownish and green.
These shades are characteristic of breastfeeding, after it ends the feces darken and then turn brown.
- Green chair
Often parents are frightened to find a green or yellowish-marsh “surprise” from a newborn baby on a diaper.
It is worth worrying if suddenly the child has feces of a green color, although this has not been noticed before. Probably, in this way his body reacted to the introduction of complementary foods, the lack of milk or any disease.
In infants who are on natural feeding, feces have an unusual, slightly sour smell. If a child is raised on mixtures, then his feces will differ in a not very pleasant, slightly putrid or rotten smell.
Normal stools in newborns (both naturalists and artificialists) may include various impurities, including:
- whitish lumps- such patches are associated with insufficient maturity of the digestive organs, as a result of which the child is unable to absorb milk in full;
- overcooked food- such particles occur during feeding and are associated with age-related features; in addition, it is possible that the child is simply not ready for the products introduced;
- mucous impurities- mucus protects the gastrointestinal tract, so do not be afraid of its appearance in the feces of infants.
Parents should be alerted by the following excreta and impurities in the feces of a newborn baby:
- purulent substances;
- bloody inclusions.
The presence of such secretions is an unfavorable sign, so if purulent or bloody impurities are found in the baby’s feces, you should immediately show the child to the doctor.
How often does a baby breastfeed during breastfeeding?
In a child-naturalist, the process of bowel movement depends largely on how the mother feeds.
If a woman complies with the main principles of nutrition, then the baby’s chair is “normal”: frequent, yellow, mushy, without inclusions.
When food is saturated with carbohydrates, fermentation begins, resulting in a stool that is fluid, frothy, and the tummy begins to swell and rumble.
Experts say that the frequency of feces depends on the age of infants, so a child at 6 months pokes less frequently than a newborn at 2 or 3 weeks. In general, the patterns of bowel emptying are as follows:
- The first 2 days.As already noted, at first a dark meconium leaves the newborn. During this period, the child poops up to 6 times and more often, everything can depend on the characteristics of the digestive system and its fullness.
- 3-7 day.If meconium is over, the newborn may not crap at all. Normal feces appear only after the release of the initial physiological feces. Usually newborns in the first weeks of cocoa up to three times a day.
- 7-14 days.From the second week, the lactation process itself, baby digestion, is gradually getting better. Therefore, newborns cocoa irregularly, which is a completely normal course of events. The chair is usually frequent, liquid, but this is not a mandatory rule.
- 3-6 week.From the third week the chair is even more frequent and coincides with the number of feedings. However, some children can defecate much less, everything is individual and depends on the characteristics of the digestive processes.If newborns have bowel redness and tears during bowel movements, it is better to consult a doctor.
- 1.5 months.In a 1.5-month-old baby, the frequency of bowel movements may decrease, the child may not cough as often as before - once every 3 days. At this time, lactation changes, babies produce other proteins for the breakdown of food.
- 2 months.Around this period, the digestive system of infants "adapts" to feeding. A child may crap not so often or continue emptying as before.
- 6 months.The body of a six-month-old child produces a sufficient amount of enzyme substances, therefore, moms at this age introduce complementary foods. As a result, the color of feces changes (green or brown), the smell, the stool is now less frequent and more solid.
How often should an artificial artist?
Experts say that a newborn on IV (artificial feeding) may not cacao as often as a child who eats mother's milk. This is due to the fact that the mixture in the intestines of the artificials is digested much longer than the natural food for the newborn.
Features of emptying the intestines in newborns at IV is as follows:
- For infants, the same formula works for IV as for a newborn that feeds on mother's milk: how much a baby eats, so many times it defecates. But since mixtures are usually not given to a child as often as a breast, an artificial artist pokes less often.
- With artificial feeding, the stool is harder. That is why an artificial artist may irregularly and even suffer from constipation (feces move longer in the intestines and have time to harden).
Among the artificiality is much more common irregular or loose stools. Because of the confusion in the mixtures, the intestines of the child for IV do not have time to adapt to the new composition and react in their own way - constipation or diarrhea.
Constipation and diarrhea in newborns
An equally important topic that worries many parents is how to determine whether too frequent or rare, loose or hard stools is a sign of impaired digestive system or of any disease.
Each of these pathological conditions has its own peculiarities.
Constipation in infants
It is possible to speak about the difficulty in fever in an artificially or breastfed baby if any of the following signs are observed (a combination of symptoms is possible):
- the intestine is not emptied for two or more days (for a month-old child, the problem begins with a delay of 24 hours, if he used to go large 4-6 times a day);
- a complicated act of defecation, which is accompanied by crying, straining the baby, or the newborn often makes it difficult, but it is impossible to poop;
- excessively hard stool consistency, so-called sheep poop.
The main causes of defecation difficulties in a month-old baby are as follows:
- lack of milk in the mother;
- improper feeding (lack of water, excess food, unsuitable mixtures for artificially, early feeding);
- lack of physical activity;
- immature gastrointestinal tract (for example, in premature babies);
- various diseases (diseases of the central nervous system);
- organic matter (intestinal obstruction).
If newborns cocoa very rarely, you must first perform simple actions: make a light massage of the tummy of the child, review your diet, or change the mixture for babies on IV.
If the initial measures are not effective enough, you should contact the doctor, who will determine the exact cause of the difficulty in stool and prescribe the correct therapy - with the help of glycerin suppositories, lactulose syrup or Mikrolaks microclyster.
Diarrhea in babies
Too frequent and loose stools, which differ in consistency from individual or age indicators, are the main feature of this condition. Diarrhea in infants is not a spotting on the pampers that appear during the discharge of gazikov.
The causes of diarrhea in the infancy period depend on many indicators, including the child’s age and health:
- Teething zubikov.Parents will be able to determine this factor by additional signs - increased temperature and swollen gums (teeth are cut in 6-7 months).
- Intestinal infection.The color and consistency of feces changes, various inclusions and secretions appear. In addition, there are signs of intoxication.
- Lactose intolerance.This condition is often found in a month-old baby and is characterized by the inability to absorb milk sugar.
- The reaction to the proposed food.New-born babies often fluidly after the introduction of complementary foods, the wrong mixture at IV. (The artificial woman generally suffers from intestinal problems).
- Medication.Often, diarrhea occurs on the background of taking antibacterial drugs that can stimulate intestinal muscles.
- Dysbacteriosis.It is difficult to talk about this reason for diarrhea until the third month of life, because in the neonatal period, the children's intestines are just beginning to become populated with useful microflora. Dysbacteriosis is more common again with IV.
He will determine the provoking factor, prescribe treatment, which includes changing the diet (acquiring another mixture with artificial feeding) or taking medications.
This problem is characterized by alternation of delayed bowel movement with diarrhea or a change in normal stool with diarrhea or hard stool. The main reason is improper feeding.
If parents are faced with an irregular bowel movement, it is necessary to change the nutrition of the child.With a balanced diet, normal feeding and a suitable mixture should be recorded to the doctor for a thorough examination.
All parents are concerned about how much and how often the newborn toddler should crap. The process of defecation is influenced by many factors, so the concept of “norm” in this case is rather arbitrary.
However, any abnormality of a child’s chair requires observation and consultation with a doctor, while mother also needs to monitor her own nutrition and get the right baby mix.