How to get to the Kazan station by subway? Kazansky Railway Station, Moscow: metro station
The question of how to get to Kazansky railway station by metro is interesting to many guests of the capital. Mostly from among those who were in it for the first time and passing through. A native Muscovite is well known and the area with three stations on it, and the metro station "Komsomolskaya", through which the square is the easiest to reach.
From Moscow history
Kazan Station on the map of Moscow occupies a very significant place. Currently it is one of the largest urban railway terminals. Through it, passenger traffic is carried out by the capital of the Russian Federation with the Volga region, the Urals, Siberia and the Far East, immense in the territory. Kalanchevskaya square of the capital, where today we should look for the answer to the question of how to get to Kazan station by metro, in its current form took shape around the end of the nineteenth century.Moscow city planners, it was originally planned as the most important transportation hub of the Russian Empire. At this point, the city converges the three most significant railway lines connecting the capital of the country with its north, northeast and east. Accordingly, there are also three railway stations here - Leningradsky, Yaroslavsky and Kazan. The latter stands alone on the opposite side of the square. That is why native Muscovites often refer to this place as the “Three Station Square”, although it is officially called “Komsomolskaya”. Often there is talk about the return of the square of its historical name - "Kalanchevskaya". But they are limited to the discussion stage.
What happened to the Kazan station
The first railway station at this place was opened back in 1862. Its building was wooden and it was called "Ryazan". Two years later, it was replaced by a small stone building. In Russia, during this period, the railways were intensively built, which required the construction of a capital station complex, which provides communication with the eastern regions of the empire. This became especially relevant during the construction of the grand Trans-Siberian Railway, the starting point of which was Kalanchevskaya Square in Moscow.But the Moscow authorities were able to start building its new railway station only shortly before the outbreak of the First World War.
Architectural features of the eastern gates of the Russian Empire
The author of the modern building of Kazan Station is the famous Russian architect, and later the Soviet academician, A. V. Shchusev. The architectural design of the building, made in the neo-Russian style, reflected the image of the eastern gate of the Russian state. In particular, a stylistic overlap with the ancient Kazan Kremlin on the banks of the Volga River can be seen. Academician Shchusev worked on the project for many years, repeatedly reworking it in search of the most expressive solution. Construction continued from 1913 to 1940.
Kazan Station, Moscow. Metro station on the square of three stations
The largest railway passenger junction on the Kalanchevskaya square of the capital should have been integrated without fail into the general transport scheme of the city. But this question was delayed for a long time. To fully ensure the maintenance of such a significant flow of passengers could only line metro.The subway in Moscow began to be erected only in the early thirties and its first line, which entered service in May 1935, passed under Kalanchevskaya Square, renamed Komsomolskaya by that time. The station of the same name received the first passengers. The station had no ground entrance hall, the exit from it was carried out directly to the station building. Thus, the question of when it comes to Kazansky metro station, which worried Muscovites and guests of the capital, was resolved. The map of the metro under construction was initially tied to the largest railway stations and other significant infrastructure facilities. But the concept of its development has changed repeatedly. The decision to build the Koltsevaya metro line was taken at the height of the war in 1943. Implementing this decision began soon after the end of World War II. For post-war Moscow such a scheme was optimal. She allowed to solve a lot of transport problems. In particular, to answer once and for all the already annoying question of how to get to Kazan Station by subway from anywhere in the city. The most important moment was the fact that the Koltsevaya line ran in close proximity to all the major railway stations in Moscow.And this circumstance provided a convenient communication between them.
Moscow, Kazanskiy railway station, Komsomolskaya metro station, ring
Despite the post-war economic difficulties, the Koltsevaya metro line was built at an accelerated pace. Moscow metro builders have coped with a uniquely complex task in less than seven years. After the commissioning of the third, final, section of the Koltsevaya Line, all three stations located on Komsomolskaya Square were integrated into the single transport system of the capital. For railroad passengers, names such as Moscow-Kazanskiy railway station-Komsomolskaya metro were forever connected in a single semantic chain. The ground entrance hall of the Komsomolskaya metro station was erected on the side of the square opposite to Kazan.
Architectural features of the metro station "Komsomolskaya"
In the Moscow metro you can find a considerable number of outstanding architectural works. Especially a lot of impressive artistic solutions among the stations of the old building. It should be noted that the unconditional fact that the metro station near the Kazan railway station was not only not lost against the background of other architectural masterpieces, but it looks even brighter than other stations of the Koltsevaya line.The Komsomolskaya metro is an absolute classic of the Stalin-era Soviet architecture, one of the most impressive examples of a large imperial style. One of the co-authors of this project was the famous academician of architecture A. V. Shchusev. He had previously designed and led the construction of the Kazan station. According to its constructive solution, this column three-vaulted deep-laid station. The undoubted decoration of the station's interior is the decorative and mosaic compositions of the outstanding Soviet mural artist Alexander Deineka.
To Kazan station by subway
The ring line of the Moscow Metro, among other things, serves as a kind of interchange circuit between all the railway stations of the capital. This was a significant logistical moment in the organization of passenger traffic. He was taken into account in its design. From most of the Moscow railway stations - Kursky, Paveletsky, Kievsky and Belorussky, you can quickly get to Kazansky railway station on the Koltsevaya line without transfers. And from Riga and Savyolovsky stations with just one transfer.It is equally convenient for Muscovites, and for numerous guests of the capital. The binding of the largest railway terminal of the capital to the metro scheme has remained unchanged for many decades: Kazansky railway station - Komsomolskaya metro station.
From Sheremetyevo, Domodedovo and Vnukovo
No less relevant is the question of how to get to Kazansky railway station by metro, and is also for numerous aviation passengers traveling through the capital to the regions of the country. And this question is successfully resolved by the very same Moscow Metro Ring Line. Aeroexpress trains from Sheremetyevo take passengers to Belorussky railway station, from Domodedovo to Paveletsky, and from Vnukovo to Kievsky. And from all these three stations, you can directly go to Kazan. The metro is open from six in the morning until one in the morning. Most transit passengers know well where they should go - Kazanskiy railway station, Moscow, Komsomolskaya metro station. Thus, all three largest Moscow airports are integrated into a single logistic scheme for rational delivery of passengers to their destination.
Kazan station today
At present, this old railway station is not only the largest in the Russian Federation, but also one of the largest railway terminals on the entire European continent. However, the technical potential of this engineering structure is approaching exhaustion. The station complex has long been working at the limit of its capabilities. Routes of communication pass through it not only with the east and south of Russia, but also with a number of foreign countries of the Asian and Pacific regions. Currently, variants of modernization and partial reconstruction of the Kazan station are being developed.