Hypoxia in newborns: is it possible to prevent it?
Hypoxia can not be called a disease. This is a condition that appears due to a sudden cessation or insufficient supply of oxygen to the organs and tissues of the infant (before birth and after). Oxygen is required of the entire energy metabolism of the human body, and its lack can be a source of a lot of trouble. All organs and tissues of babies suffer from hypoxia in varying degrees, but hypoxia in infants affects the brain most of all. That is why the outcome of hypoxia can seriously affect the health of children.
There are quite a few sources that lead to a condition called “hypoxia in newborns”. This may be due to the future mom's state of health and any problems during pregnancy and at the time of delivery. Mother's risk factors:
- a disorder of the cardiovascular system (vegetovascular dystonia, low or high pressure, heart defects);
- the risk of abortion;
- long-term diseases of the respiratory organs;
- Discomforts endocrine nature (thyroid, diabetes);
- incompatibility of the Rh factor or blood type of the baby and mother;
- the age of the future mommy;
- infections of the genitourinary system;
- the use of alcohol, tranquilizers;
- Wrong lifestyle (stress, poor diet, infrequent walks).
During pregnancy and at the time of delivery hypoxia can occur due to:
- multiple pregnancy, post-term or preterm pregnancy;
- malformations of the baby;
- weak labor activity;
- the use of aids during childbirth;
- Cesarean section;
- anesthesia, painkillers;
- birth injury.
Of course, some causes that can cause hypoxia can be prevented. And in case of difficulties, do not hesitate and contact a doctor.
Hypoxia in newborns: consequences
The brain suffers most from oxygen deficiency during hypoxia in babies, which is fraught with various neurological diseases. In addition, hypoxia in newborns and its effect on the brain after birth may be due to acquired and congenital ailments throughout life. These include adenoids, bronchopulmonary pathologies, anemia, heart defects.However, even if there was hypoxia in newborns, and throughout the first year of life, the development proceeds normally (the child starts walking, standing, sitting, holding the head in a timely manner), he is still not immune from problems. There is a possibility of delayed speech, difficulties in behavior, disinhibition, excitability, restlessness, poor concentration.
When an acute lack of oxygen occurs during birth, the child is given resuscitation care: the airways are cleared, spontaneous breathing is stimulated, and if necessary, artificial respiration is done.