In which part of the world and on what continent is Japan. History of the country
Japan, or, as it is sometimes called, the Land of the Rising Sun, is in many respects a unique state. Its traditions, history and culture are strikingly different even from their neighbors - China and South Korea. Samurai, geisha and ninja, kamikaze pilots, hockey and bonsai - the contribution of the islanders to world culture is surprisingly great.
Where can I find Japan?
If we ask which continent Japan is on, then we will find it on the world map next to China and South Korea. It stretched relatively narrow archipelago from the Sea of Okhotsk to the East China Seas. In the north, it borders Russia, and in the south, Taiwan is the nearest island.
A small historical excursion
People on the Japanese islands lived since prehistoric times. Some of the found traces of the sites of primitive people date back tens of thousands of years BC. The centers of culture were formed in different parts of the archipelago, sometimes mixing with each other, sometimes absorbing.An interesting fact is that before the melting of glaciers, Japan was not an archipelago. The sea level was significantly lower, and the question of which continent Japan is on had an unequivocal answer - in Eurasia.
By the beginning of our era, there were about 30 countries on the islands, the most significant of which, according to Chinese chroniclers, was the Yamatai state. It led trade with the Chinese Han Empire and had a well-developed state administration.
By the IV century AD, the Chinese were mired in internecine strife, and we do not have reliable information telling about Japan of that era. Information appeared only with access to the political arena of the Yamato state. Apparently, the country of Japan is its direct descendant. This ancient kingdom led a rather aggressive foreign policy. Actively participating in the redistribution of the Korean Peninsula, the islanders nevertheless recognized the supremacy of China and regularly sent ambassadors with rich gifts.
From the 6th century, Japan began to adopt the Chinese system of centralized government, borrowing it from the Middle Kingdom. On which continent is Japan in the 6th century? Of course, in Chinese.During this period, the Han people considered themselves the "elder brothers" of all the surrounding states.
Middle Ages: shoguns, samurai and isolation
In the Middle Ages, the power leaves the weakened hands of the emperors and passes to the shoguns - military governors. The country of Japan is turning into a battleground in which powerful clans fight each other for the "keys to Kyoto". Such a fragile system could not exist for a long time and soon collapsed, marking the onset of Sengoku Jidai - the era of the "belligerent provinces".
Passing through the time of troubles, Japan finally united under the rule of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. The reluctance to contact the Europeans who penetrated to the islands at the beginning of the 15th century led to the policy of “Sakoku” - isolation.
New time and new Japan
By the middle of the 18th century, the isolation policy began to crack. Major players in the Asian market: the United States, Russia, France, the United Kingdom — constantly tried to involve the Japanese in trade and foreign policy relations. As a country, Japan needed a breakthrough in the Iron Curtain. And this happened at the end of the XVIII - beginning of the XIX century. Japan, winning first the Sino-Chinese and then the Russo-Japanese War, annexed the island of Taiwan, the Sakhalin Peninsula and the Korean Peninsula.The Middle Kingdom almost lightning-fast (by historical standards) turned from a backward agrarian country into an advanced, industrial-industrial state.
Self-isolation of the “samurai” has been replaced by an active and even aggressive foreign policy. Now the coordinates of Japan were known to all developed countries of the world. Having entered the war on the side of the Entente, the inhabitants left it with territorial acquisitions. In the 1930s, the Japanese de jure annexed Manchuria, creating a puppet government on its territory to divert their eyes. After being condemned by the League of Nations (the progenitor of the UN), they withdraw from its membership, and in 1941 they join the Third Reich in confrontation with former allies.
The Second World War was a real failure for the "samurai". The temporary successes were replaced by a heavy defeat, the points at which were put in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In August 1945, the whole world found out where Japan was. On the map of world history, these cities will remain a monument to human passion for self-destruction. Two nuclear bombs dropped by US bombers launched a new era of humanity.
The post-war years and our time
The capitulation of Japan turned into very great losses for the country. The influence of "samurai" is not left on any continent. Japan sacrificed both territory and de facto independence. After the end of the war, Allied military forces were placed on it. In 1947, “mistakes of the past” were comprehended on the islands and they took a new, anti-militarist course. In 1952, the occupying forces left the country, and in 1956, the rehabilitated "samurai" accepted into the United Nations.
Starting from the 60s and up to the 90s of the twentieth century, the Japanese showed fantastic rates of economic development - an average of ten percent a year! The crisis of the end of the century has slowed development, which was restored only with the beginning of the new millennium.
What is Japan today?
People often wonder which continent Japan is on, forgetting that this country is an island nation. Why is this happening? Perhaps the fact is that the "samurai" gave the world culture an incredible amount of everything unique and unlike anything else. It is hard to imagine that such a rich contribution comes from a geographically modest state.
Today, Japan is one of the world leaders in the science and technology sector, tourism and trade. Japanese animation, literature and poetry, painting and sculpture are original and have no analogues. If you want to see the flowering of sakura, see the Imperial Palace and appreciate the famous Kabuki dance, then you just need to come to the Land of the Rising Sun