Irony - what is it? Definition and synonyms of the word "irony"
Irony - what is it? Probably, all Russians on the eve of the New Year are watching the films of Eldar Ryazanov. And the “Irony of Fate” is one of the most beloved ones. But few people thought about the meaning of the name of the film. Today we will tell you what irony is and whether it is possible to meet only fate.
Irony - what is it? Translated from the Greek language, this word means pretense. That is, a person in mocking expressions ascribes to an object or object qualities that he does not possess.
Irony is usually manifested in words of praise. Who among us has not heard such words spoken by a loved one.
Let's take an example. The child broke the vase, and it turned out he did not at all on purpose, the ball got there. And mom realizes that it’s pointless to scold a child. The vase was standing on the closet, and no one could have imagined that the child would drop it. In this situation, besides the ironic: “well, you and well done,” there is simply nothing to say.
If you give a broad definition of irony, then it can be described as a witty remark, said to the place. And the second factor plays an important role. In retrospect, all people can come up with funny answers, but the spoon is good for dinner.
What is the irony?
To make their speech alive, people often resort to various stylistic techniques and use different turns of speech. Therefore, the irony is divided into several subspecies.
The first one is hidden or overt. When a person does not want to show the true object of ridicule, he veils him. This is often common among humorists, when in their scenes they affect the government apparatus. That is, it is not entirely clear who exactly they mock.
Explicit irony is addressed to a particular person or object. Most often, this method of ridicule practiced among friends.
The second kind of irony is kind or stinging. In the first version, the ridicule does not have any negative meaning. A person simply notices a funny set of circumstances and does not want to offend his opponent.
On the contrary, in order to support him, he is trying to give a situation a playful tone.But stinging statements cannot be considered easy irony. This form is considered, though quite acceptable, but still rude and offensive.
Examples of irony
Russian and foreign writers often used mocking statements in their works. Therefore, there are many examples of irony in the classical literature. She perfectly owned I. A. Krylov.
In his fables, each character has its own unique image and character, and often teases over the interlocutor. Here is an example from the well-known work “Dragonfly and the Ant”: “Have you ever sang? This business". This is the way the little hard worker teases her charming freeloader, trying to convey to her that the songs will not feed her.
Another example can be taken from the work of A. S. Pushkin:
"There was, however, the color of the capital,
And to know, and fashion samples,
What is it - the irony of Pushkin? This is a sarcastic mockery disguised as a poem, which exposes the highest light with only one quatrain.
If you want to understand what it is irony, then you need to learn words that are close to her in meaning. Synonyms for our term will be: mockery, mockery and sarcasm. All of them explain well the concept of the term. True, remarkably synonyms of irony work only in a team.But individually, they explain the essence worse. After all, irony is not a mockery and not a mockery, it is a kind of teaching that a person makes to his opponent.
Thanks to the comments made to the place, a person can correct his character or try to be more restrained so as not to fall into comical situations.
But sarcasm is more like a synonym for irony. After all, both of them perform the same task, only they have different means. Sarcasm is just a stinging remark, and irony is a deliberate exaggeration.
People who use these forms of ridicule, not only to others, but also to their own, are practically not vulnerable. After all, how can you be offended by a person who laughs not only at you, but also at himself?
Who becomes an object for irony?
Usually they mock at two types of people: those who have not achieved anything and those who have achieved a lot. Why is this happening? Few people like to talk about people who fall under the definition of the average.
But those who have achieved success in life are usually subjected to criticism, sarcasm and, of course, irony. After all, the path that a person has passed to success is often too thorny.And if this person is famous, then the whole country is watching on television for climbing Olympus.
It is not surprising that during the period of his failures, which by all means happen, a person becomes an object of ridicule. So people in our country like to gossip and talk.
But also the subject of ridicule is often people who always have something wrong. For whatever they take, they always fall out of their hands, and they themselves know how to slip on level ground. Such failures look ridiculous in the eyes of others.
What is an ironic worldview?
Today it is fashionable to tease friends with caustic remarks. But not everyone succeeds. The line between irony and offensive utterance is very thin. Therefore, if you are not confident in your abilities, then do not choose close people as an object of ridicule.
But here some people get joked professionally. They do it easily and naturally. What is this skill or talent? Most likely, a person has an ironic worldview. How to understand this?
Such a person does not take problems and failures to heart and loves to laugh both at his own and at others' misses.
The definition of irony is much broader than merely instructive taunts. People who are naturally gifted with increased attention, manage to notice funny situations that the average person does not pay attention to. This is how the ironic worldview is formed. But if you do not possess them, do not worry, with proper attention and diligence you can still work it out.
When do you need to use irony?
For a person to be considered a merry fellow, not an ulcer, he must dispense his smiles and teachings. As they say, do not throw beads in front of pigs. If you are sure that your interlocutor of irony will not appreciate and understand, then why waste your creative potential on him?
It is better to use irony dosed, and in the company of familiar friends. Indeed, it is one thing when you laugh at a friend who has fallen into a puddle, and it is quite another when an absolutely unfamiliar person finds himself in this awkward situation.
In general, it is best to use irony as a guide for your thoughts or to defuse too tense. In the first case, you will show yourself as an intelligent and charismatic person, and in the second - as a sort of merry fellow who can be the soul of a company.