Japanese kimono: history of origin, features and traditions
Translated from the Japanese word "kimono" means "clothing." Moreover, all types of vestments were originally so called. But over time, the term entrenched exclusively for the "robe", which to this day are many Asians of all ages.
The shape of the traditional Japanese kimono is very long (reaches the ankles) and looks like the letter T. But at the same time, absolutely all the seams are straight. There is also a collar. The width of the sleeves is always of different lengths and can tell a lot about the owner of the kimono. For example, girls have kimonos with long and wide sleeves. And the length can reach the floor, and the width can be up to half a meter.
How to tie and wear?
Japanese kimono plowed so that the left end was on top of the right. In other words - on the right side. In a similar way both women, and men dress. And on the left side of his plowed exclusively on the dead.
The soft and wide belt of Japanese kimono is called obi. He is wrapped around his body several times and tied on his back with a complex bow. If the knot is located in front, it means that a kimono-wearing girl is a representative of the most ancient profession - joro. It should be noted that not all shoes fit modern Japanese clothes (modern clothes should be forgotten in general), but only traditional ones. It is called dzori or geta. And usually kimonos are worn in the plural. That is, under the top, which is the most richly decorated, wear a few lower ones that look worse. They are called "nagadzhuban." Now you know how to tie up a Japanese kimono and wear it. We go further.
The Japanese kimono was skipped from the Chinese national Hanfu costume in the 5th century. n er Just at that time, cultural ties were actively developing between these Asian countries. Well, the final form of kimono acquired in the era of Heian, which lasted from 794 to 1192. Since then, the appearance of traditional Japanese clothing has remained unchanged.
All female kimono make the same size. Well, and only then the owners themselves customize the clothes to their figure, tucking them in the way that suits them. The Japanese costume is sewn from a single piece of fabric, which in ancient times was made by hand.It was also embroidered manually, so it cost a lot of money and was worn very carefully. Now in Japan for sewing traditional costume produce a special fabric of a certain width and length. It needs only to cut into rectangles and stitch.
In ancient times, in order to wash Japanese kimonos, they ripped it up, and then sewed it again. Modern methods of cleaning fabrics negated this need. Although in some places the traditional Japanese costume continues to be washed in the old fashioned way. To avoid excess bruising, wrinkles and tangling of layers of Japanese clothing, it is wiped off with loose and large stitches.
Feminine and masculine
Over the centuries, many different varieties of colors, fabrics and shapes of traditional Japanese costume have appeared. There are also various styles of kimono - from frankly frivolous to the most semi-formal. The degree of formality of traditional women's clothing is primarily determined by the model, fabric and color. The sleeves on the kimono for girls are much longer, for the Japanese women are older. In addition, youth traditional clothing is much more difficult in terms of jointing.
The Japanese kimono (male) has only one shape and is sewn exclusively from fabrics of muted colors. A formality of clothing is determined by the color and type of accessories, the type of fabric, as well as the number (or absence) of family emblems. The most desirable fabric for a Japanese costume is silk. He is the most officious. Cotton takes second place. And on the third polyester, the kimono of which are quite rare.
Now both male and female traditional costume you can buy the required size. Since Japanese kimonos are sewn from one roll of fabric, it is very difficult to find large-sized clothes. Well, quite expensive tailoring a large suit. It is reliably known that all sumo wrestlers wear custom-made clothing.
The cost of a traditional Japanese costume can easily exceed the bar of 10 thousand dollars. But the price of a complete set (strings, tabi, sandals, obi and underwear) sometimes reaches up to 20 thousand dollars. Even a single belt, made in a single copy, can cost as a whole kimono.
However, many Japanese costumes belonging to historical re-enactors or collectors are cheaper.Activists make their own clothes: alter the old one or use the standard one as an example. Well, dyed silk is replaced with fabrics woven by a machine. In the domestic market, such worn kimono costs about 500 yen, and female obi made from a template - 1,500 yen. Men's belts are short and narrow, so their price is much lower.
Kimono in Japan has never been wasted. Old clothes are used to make various things:
- Children's kimono.
- Handbags and other accessories are made from large pieces of fabric.
- The fabric is also used for the repair of similar kimono.
If the traditional Japanese costume was damaged below the waist, it could be worn with hakam - wide pants, like a skirt. There were also craftsmen who managed to dissolve the spoiled kimono thread and weave them in a new fabric, equal in width to the male obi. This method of updating clothes was called Saki-ori.
Now kimonos are usually worn only in official cases and, as a rule, only girls. Older women (and some men) wear traditional Japanese clothing on a daily basis.Also, kimonos are worn every day by professional sumo wrestlers. In public, outside the ring, they are required to wear it. They also wear kimonos at tea ceremonies, weddings, various sports competitions (kendo, etc.), New Year, farewell to the dead, national holidays, graduation from a university or school, etc. By the way, for a foreign tourist with a camera it is considered a great success to meet street japanese (japanese) in kimono.
In the Land of the Rising Sun, there are a lot of “kimonomans” who love to wear traditional clothes and attend courses where they are told how to do it correctly. In the classroom, they tell in detail about the history of their appearance, the choice of appropriate clothing for the upcoming event and season, the methods of making obi, fabrics and much more.