Marble skin in infants: causes and treatment
The skin of babies is delicate and thin, it is sensitive to all external influences. This is especially true of a sharp temperature drop. The body still does not know how to independently control body temperature and adapt to its possible change. Many parents are faced with situations where the skin of the baby acquires an unusual spotty shade that looks like a marble pattern. What it is?
Marble skin in infants is quite common. An openwork pattern on the body appears in children in the first days of life. Usually, this phenomenon passes on its own by 3-6 months. Experts explain its occurrence by the fact that the innervation of the capillaries is not yet debugged. That is why even minor temperature fluctuations in the external environment are reflected in the reaction of the vessels - some narrow, and others expand. Thus, the characteristic pattern in the form of a grid is formed.
Marble skin in infants is more often seen on the legs, much less often on the body and face. As the nervous / vascular systems mature, as well as with the development of subcutaneous fat, the characteristic pattern disappears. Sometimes it indicates a malfunction of the central nervous system and is a symptom of serious diseases (brain edema, high intracranial pressure).
Many pediatricians, including the well-known pediatrician Komarovsky, explain the marble color of the baby’s skin with imperfect vegetative-vascular system. In the first months of the baby's life, she is not able to perform all the functions assigned by nature. As a result, thin skin reacts sharply to any external influences. Body color usually changes when the body is forced to continuously monitor its heating process, that is, blood begins to flow to exposed areas. One has only to wear the crumb warmer, as the skin tone becomes normal again.
This problem is also diagnosed in breastfed babies. In order to get food, the child must make some effort. When this happens congestion of small vessels.They are constantly in a stretched state, and the blood that fills them is clearly visible through the skin.
Marble skin in infants, which arose for physiological reasons, usually does not disappear until seven months. During this period of time, the state of the vascular system has time to normalize. In addition, the layer of subcutaneous fat increases.
If the pattern on the skin becomes pronounced, does not pass after warming and as the child grows up, it is necessary to seek advice from a cardiologist and a neurologist. The following are the most common causes of the appearance of marble skin of a pathological nature.
- Hypoxia of the fetus. The lack of oxygen while the baby is in the womb often has a negative effect on the formation of the child’s nervous system.
- Fever. At high temperatures, the skin can acquire a characteristic marble pattern due to a spasm of blood vessels.
- Anemia (reduction of hemoglobin in the blood) is another reason why babies have marble skin.
- Pathology of the cardiovascular system.
- Hereditary predisposition.If one of the parents confirmed the diagnosis of "IRR", the child may inherit the disease. Marble pattern on the skin is one of its symptoms.
- Down syndrome.
Marble skin as an independent disease
Teleangiectic marble skin is a poorly understood pathology of the vascular system, which develops at the innate level. The disease is extremely rare. It is characterized by the appearance of a marble pattern on the skin, which is present under any conditions, and may increase with crying or physical exertion.
Scientists have not yet identified the causes of the development of this pathology. It is known that it can appear in both boys and girls. Very often, telangiectic marble skin in infants is combined with asymmetry of the body due to a disruption in the functioning of the musculoskeletal system. Sometimes pathology is accompanied by convulsions, retinal detachment, macrocephaly.
Doctors can not offer special treatment, therapy in this case is aimed at combating symptoms. The prognosis is in most cases favorable. During the first months of life, the vascular pattern noticeably brightens, and by adolescence, the epidermis becomes normal in color.
When is treatment required?
The appearance of a marble pattern on the skin, provided that the baby is completely healthy, is not a pathology. This harmless symptom speaks of the immaturity of the child’s body. By about six months, the situation should return to normal.
If the characteristic pattern is a consequence of the diseases mentioned above, the pediatrician should prescribe the appropriate therapy. With the right approach, the marble skin of the infant will soon disappear completely.
The reasons for the change in the shade of the epidermis may be hidden in the malfunctioning of the vegetative-vascular system. In this case, treatment is usually aimed at its development. Parents should take care to create optimal conditions for the regulation of vascular tone. To achieve this, it usually helps to properly build the day routine for the child.
In particularly serious cases, a neuropathologist may order additional tests to refute a suspicious diagnosis (ultrasound of the brain, neurosonography).
How to help the child?
Marble skin in infants (the photo is presented in this article) often bothers inexperienced parents. Many of them are interested in whether it is possible to cope with this problem at home.
First of all, doctors recommend normalizing the temperature in the apartment. All manipulations with the child should be carried out with warm hands. Directly after the baby's water procedures, it is better to wipe with a soft cotton diaper, and not a towel, so as not to damage the thin vessels of the skin.
Parents should pay attention to the nutrition of infants. Sometimes marble skin appears due to the lack of certain vitamins in the body. Regular gymnastics and light massage have a beneficial effect on the epithelium of the child.
Marble skin always worries parents, but do not panic ahead of time. In such a situation, it is better to consult a pediatrician. The doctor or dispel all fears, or time to identify pathology. In the latter case, timely treatment will allow to correct the situation.