Moscow Ring Road: the length and general characteristics
The Moscow ring road was designed in the first half of the twentieth century, and it began to be built two decades later. She gradually settled down and acquired the look that we all know today.
How it was and what the road is today, let's talk in this article.
a brief description of
The Moscow ring road in the early sixties of the last century coincided with the border of Moscow. But two decades later, areas outside the road began to be included. Therefore, at present, the boundaries of the city and the Moscow Ring Road coincide in separate places.
From Abramtsevo to Yaroslavl, the route passes through NP "Elk Island".
The road began to build in 1956, and opened along the entire length in 1962. Reconstruction during this time was carried out twice. Once in the nineties, and the second - since 2011.
Intersections with other paths on the same level of the Moscow Ring Road has not. Here the speed of one hundred kilometers per hour is allowed, and in one hour it can pass up to nine thousand vehicles. The length of the Moscow Ring Road in kilometers is 108.9.
They designed the road back in 1937, and two years later even fixed the track on the ground and had already planned to begin construction, as the Great Patriotic War began. Therefore, it was decided to temporarily build a bypass simplified road and keep within a month. The track was used for the purpose of transporting troops and military equipment, as well as assisting in the counter-offensive operation. It did not coincide with the modern Moscow Ring Road.
Only from the end of 1956, not far from the Yaroslavl highway of the Moscow Ring Road, they began to lay. In 1960, opened the first section, which ran from Yaroslavl to Simferopol highway. The entire road was opened two years later, on November 5, 1962.
It consisted of two carriageways with two lanes in one and the other side.
Initially planned was the radius of the Moscow Ring Road, the length of which would be about two kilometers, except for one and a half kilometers on the seventieth kilometer and thousandth - on the sixty-eighth. Seven bridges and fifty-four overpasses were built. No separation fences and crossings for pedestrians were not provided.
First, thirty-three interchanges on two levels were built, and in the eighties on the Simferopol Highway, an interchange was built, consisting of three levels.
The road had no asphalt pavement. Concrete was used instead.
In the early nineties, due to the removal of the four-meter dividing strip, the road was slightly widened, and also a curb was added. By that time, there were many accidents at the Moscow Ring Road, many of which had deaths. And the road has long been unable to cope with the flow of cars.
Then the Moscow government prepared a reconstruction plan. The first part included the track lighting and the device of the separation barrier, and the second part - the extension of the roadway to fifty meters.
It was decided to carry out the second reconstruction in 2011, within its framework it was supposed to build and reconstruct eleven interchanges.
Ring Road: length, characteristic today
Today the road consists of ten lanes, five in each direction. In this case, the two extreme bands are three and a half meters wide, and the other three are three meters wide and seventy-five centimeters wide.The length of the Moscow Ring Road in kilometers is exactly one hundred and eight kilometers. From the center of the city, on average, the road is seventeen kilometers and three hundred and fifty meters.
From the beginning of 2014, they adopted a digital designation system for congresses. In the direction of the center, they have an even numbering, and an odd number - in the direction of the MO from the Moscow Ring Road.
The length of the route, its large capacity made it one of the most modern regional roads. However, even despite this, the road can not cope with the huge flow of cars. Therefore, drivers are forced to stand idle hours in traffic jams daily to get from home to work and back.
Among the indigenous residents of the capital and the Moscow region, the opinion has long been that the former mayor of Moscow Luzhkov stole ten centimeters from the Moscow Ring Road from each side, having made the curb already than was prescribed by the plan. Thanks to this, huge funds were saved, which Luzhkov appropriated to himself.
This was announced at the Investigation Committee of the Ministry of the Interior by Mikhail Zolotov, Major General. A criminal case was initiated, and according to the collected data it turned out that the stolen funds amounted to two hundred and fifty six billion rubles, which amounted to an amount approximately equal to the sounded narrowing of the road.The conclusion about the stolen centimeters came on the basis of the conducted selective measurement on the Moscow Ring Road, the length of which at first glance did not meet the norm. Therefore, later, measurements of the entire route were carried out and it turned out that there were both contractions and extensions that were fully within the requirements of the SNiP. The arithmetic average of the measurements was even a plus mark, namely, +4 centimeters.