Orchid reproduction at home: 5 working ways
Scientific evidence confirms the existence of orchids 130 million years ago. And they got their distribution in China and Japan 4 thousand years ago. True, orchids in those times were equated with medicinal plants.
The very story of their appearance is fanned by myths and legends - this is a version of the fragments of a broken rainbow, then this is the place where Aphrodite lost her shoe. One thing remains constant - it is a symbol of love, beauty and rebirth.
And everyone who has come into contact with a beautiful flower wants more beauty in the house, which means that they are trying to plant this plant. So that you do not have to search for information for a long time, we have collected 5 proven ways to grow orchids at home.
General rules for creating the necessary conditions for reproduction
Whatever method of breeding orchids you choose, there isseveral general rules of care that must be performed before reproduction.
- Only adults grow healthy flowers.
- Orchids must have developed roots.
- In the composition of the flower - at least 4 large leaves.
- Used peduncle, whose age is not less than 1.5 years.
- The development of processes contribute to sharp temperature fluctuations (+17 - +30 ° C).
- High humidity is maintained.
- Perhaps spraying around-flowered zone.
- Poor watering (on average 10-14 days);
- Long period of coverage (minimum 12-14 hours).
How to propagate an orchid at home? Being5 ways for every taste:
- seedlings in a flask (flask);
Reproduction by division: priority is given to sympodial orchids
Most suitable for reproduction by dividing orchids that grow in the side, in a scientific way - sympodial orchids. Among them are Cattleya, Catasetum, Oncidium, Calant, Cymbidium, Miltonia. Often this type of orchid breeds independently.
When the growth prevents the flower from developing normally, the plant is divided. Usually, they reproduce in spring: the orchid is carefully taken out of the pot, the old soil is removed and the shoot is cut with a pair of knots with a disinfected knife.
In the separated parts, several pseudobulbs with roots and leaves should remain. Traditionally, in order to avoid rotting, cutting sites are processed with crushed coal. At the end of the procedure, the resulting new orchids can be placed in wet moss and a mini-greenhouse, or you can land it in separate pots at once.
Simply simple: reproduction orchids cuttings
For species with one apical point of growth - the so-called monopodial orchids - a method of reproduction by apical cuttings is possible. These are phalaenopsis, wanda, anhrekum, dendrobium.
It is also possible to propagate by cutting and ottsvetshy tsvetonos - just cut off, put it in the sun in the water with fertilizers, periodically sprinkle "Doctor Foley." When creating such care, sleeping buds wake up and babies form.
Souvenir from Thailand - reproduction using flasks with ready seedlings
Now you will not surprise anyone with an orchid seedling in a flask - usually such an orchid is received as a gift from a trip to Thailand. But what to do with such a gift further, few know.
If you decide to plant a seedling, you will have to break the flask, carefully remove the fragile plant and leave it for a few minutes in a weak solution of manganese. Then you should dry the orchid on a paper towel.
To get the maximum result, it is recommended to land in a special composition of the substrate, which in its properties is close to the natural conditions of the flower:
- pine bark (preferably with fractions up to 1 cm);
- perlite (gives airiness to the substrate);
- sphagnum moss (finely chopped).
Do not forget about feeding the young - fertilizer for orchids must contain phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium.It is necessary to fertilize both when watering, and on a sheet with a special foliar application.
Orchid “kids”: where do they come from and what to do?
Reproduction by children can occur spontaneously, and can be stimulated by special preparations. From here andThree main ways to get "offspring":
- radical "baby";
- "Baby" on the peduncle;
- stimulation of hormone paste.
The appearance of the radical kid (at the base of the flower) does not imply additional interventions. Just provide the plant with the "right" care - watering, lighting, temperature control and fertilizer. Usually, with optimal care, the orchid itself decides to “continue its race”.
According to experts, children on peduncles appear due to a combination of two factors - high humidity and air temperature. Only for the emergence of its roots, the young may need up to six months - for the baby to start an independent life, she must have at least two roots up to 5 cm.
When an orchid refuses to reproduce on its own, breeding can be stimulated with hormonal paste. The effect of the paste is to stimulate the sleeping buds.Having chosen the necessary kidney, it is necessary to cut off the scales covering it. A hormonal paste is applied on the bright green kidney that is being applied - now it remains only to wait for the birth of the "babe."
We sow, we fan, sow: seed reproduction of orchids
Breeding orchids at home is possible in another way - seeds. Seeds reproduce almost all types of orchids. To do this, it is necessary to pollinate a flower, wait until the seed pod has ripened, and carefully sow the seeds.
The seed breeding option is the most time consuming method. But he is the most promising.Judge for yourself: the methods of dividing / grafting / getting babies have limited capabilities - from one orchid you can get 3 apical kids, 2 delenki and up to 10 cuttings. At the same time, for one sowing, you can get thousands of plants.
But whatever method you choose, the main pleasure is bringing beauty into the world of beauty. Just love orchids, and they will answer you in return and division!