Origanum: medicinal properties
Probably no one knows from what century traditional healers began to actively use the herb oregano. In common, she has several names: motherboard, brass color, dushmyanka, she is a spice of oregano. Origanum is a very unpretentious plant that grows well even on home gardens.
In order not to damage the raw materials during harvesting, it is recommended to cut the leaves with scissors at the time of flowering. From dried herbs, it is advisable to brew tea, use it as a fragrant seasoning, as well as add to meat dishes and while salting vegetables. The aroma of the leaves will give a stunning taste and help to keep products intact for longer.
Origanum: description of the plant
Medicinal herb oregano, or, as it is called, the motherboard, belongs to the family of Labiaceae. This is a perennial plant, reaching a meter in height. It has horizontal roots and tetrahedral erect shoots of purple-red color.It is easy to recognize it from the pointed, oblong-ovate leaflets, which are slightly pubescent.
The flowers of a perennial shrub of small size, form a spreading panicle - shields. There are pink and white hue. Flowering begins in late summer - usually in August. Fruits ripen only in September - these are small triangular nutlets with a pleasant smell (they help from nausea and vomiting). Propagated by seed and by dividing the bush.
Origanum is found on almost all continents of the globe. Mainly - in Siberia, in the Caucasus and in the European part of the Russian Federation. Cultivate it in France and America. In addition, the plant is a good honey plant, it is very fond of bees. Prefers grass dry meadows, meadows and forest steppes.
Over the past decades, its population has declined significantly due to the negative impact of the environment. For this reason, in many countries it is grown independently for the food and pharmaceutical industries. She is also loved by herbalists and traditional healers. Under favorable climatic conditions, it gives a lot of self-sowing and forms whole thickets.
Collection and storage
Origanum, whose properties endow it with healing properties, is harvested during the season of active flowering. During this period, the raw material contains a sufficient amount of essential oil and a lot of useful substances. Later, collecting the plant is impractical because the raw materials lose quality and medicinal properties.
When harvesting, cut only the top of the plant, then it is subjected to thorough drying in the shade. To reproach this process, you can use ventilation, but that the temperature does not exceed 40 degrees. It must be remembered that other plants should not be stored nearby. Dry raw materials should be transferred to fabric patches or pouches and kept in a closed dark place for no more than two years.
The composition of the plant surprises with a rich set of various substances. It is famous for a significant amount of ascorbic acid common oregano. The medicinal properties of the plant are also due to the abundance of tannins, flavonoids, macro- and microelements in its composition (magnesium, calcium, fluorine, sodium, and others).
Ground parts contain a large dose of essential oils, they contain aromatic compounds.And due to the presence of carvacrol in the oil, the raw material still has antibacterial and antihistamine properties. Oregano seeds accumulate in themselves about 30% of fatty oils.
Official pharmaceuticals make extensive use of this plant in abdominal pain, epileptic seizures, rheumatism and convulsions. Oregano infusions help to cope with intestinal disorders, as well as relieve from gastrointestinal diseases and acute respiratory infections. Drugs based on this herb have a calming effect on the nervous system, so they are advised to take it with depression, stress, and neurasthenia.
Broths help relieve shortness of breath, relieve chronic insomnia and relieve migraines. In Russia, in a solution of the motherboard bathed children suffering from rickets and scrofula. Has proved itself as an anti-inflammatory agent grass oregano. Its properties are used for anesthesia and wound healing.
Under the influence of infusions of this herb, the secretion of sweat and bronchial glands is improved. Prescribe herbal preparations in combination with drug therapy for bronchitis of any form,pathologies of the liver and biliary tract. The plant helps to increase appetite and increase the amount of breast milk in lactating women.
The value of this herb has long been recognized by traditional medicine. Oregano vulgaris is often found in various herbal collections, which are used to treat neurotic diseases. From it is prepared infusions that have not only a calming, but also diuretic and anticonvulsant effect.
In case of malignant tumors, enterocolitis and cholecystitis, doctors often prescribe a complex drug of this kind. Infusion rinse the throat with inflammatory phenomena: sore throat, colds, gingivitis. In otorhinolaryngology, this is the first treatment for the acute form of rhinitis.
With the help of inhalation, you can quickly get rid of pharyngitis, tonsillitis, laryngitis and even chronic antritis. Herbal collection is used as lotions, compresses and baths for the treatment of diathesis, eczema, purulent diseases and vitiligo. Homeopaths apply the essence of this herb against nymphomania and erotomania.
Oregano herb in folk medicine is widely used to improve the growth of hair follicles. Broths motherboard well eliminate headaches and flatulence.They are also used for prophylactic purposes against stroke, asthenia and as a therapy for tuberculosis.
For centuries, the plant has been used in hypertensive crisis and otitis. Ready infusions were added to the bath - such procedures have a tonic effect and improve the quality of the skin. Dry grass is used to make powder that helps relieve toothache. It is also poured into shoes - it eliminates unpleasant odors.
From fresh leaves squeeze juice and apply inside with bloating, poor appetite, constipation, paralysis and cold. To get rid of pruritus and furunculosis, use oil or balsam of the motherboard.
Application in gynecology
Oregano grass, medicinal properties known in gynecology and obstetrics, used in medical practice for the treatment of amenorrhea and various female pathologies of the pelvic organs. Course application of infusions and decoctions helps to normalize the menstrual cycle, to eliminate strong pain.
This perennial shrub is the best way to relieve menopausal symptoms: hot flashes, irritability, tearfulness, sweating, etc.To improve the quality and quantity of breast milk, it is recommended to drink tea from oregano leaves. There is an opinion that the plant promotes the growth of the mammary glands, especially in the period of sexual development in girls.
Benefits for men
Healers and folk healers believe that Origanum is an assistant in the fight against alcoholism. Daily consumption of tea, decoction or infusion of this herb discourages the desire to drink alcohol and causes disgust for alcohol. But to use herbal medicine should be with extreme caution and in limited quantities, because it lowers the potency. Excessive and uncontrolled use of this tool can lead to sexual impotence.
It should be noted that the oregano plant is not toxic and not poisonous, but it still has some restrictions on its use. For example, it is highly undesirable to take the herb for a long time, otherwise it can negatively affect the work of the vessels and the heart, as well as provoke hypertension and bleeding.
Completely abandon the use of grass is necessary for women in the position.A perennial shrub can cause a contraction of the uterus, which will eventually lead to miscarriage. Also, the list of contraindications includes gastrointestinal ulcers, age limits up to 16 years, increased secretion of the stomach, and allergies.
Dosage Forms and Folk Recipes
- The pharmacy chain sells this plant, from which it is possible to prepare a healing mixture: two spoons of raw materials, pour 200 ml of boiled water and heat it in a water bath or in a microwave for about 10-15 minutes. Cooled broth to filter from the leaves and dilute with a glass of water. Drink 50 grams twice a day before meals.
- Squeeze out the juice from a fresh plant, mix it in proportions 1: 3 with honey and consume half an hour before meals, a tablespoon three times a day.
- Dry or purchase dried flowers, grind them into powder and smell when rhinitis or migraines.
- Anti-inflammatory collection for outdoor use: take 20 g of grasses (oak bark - 6 parts, Althea root - one part, oregano - 4 parts) and pour 0.5 liters of boiling water. Let it brew for half an hour and gargle with a decoction throat.
- Making oil: pour 50 g of motherboard with olive oil (1: 1). Leave under the lid for a week, filter and store in the refrigerator. Use for skin rashes.
- From flatulence in equal parts to combine oregano and chamomile, pour hot water, boil in a water bath. Drink a glass twice a day.
- In case of alcohol dependence, pour 200 ml of water into a spoon of the motherboard. Insist the mixture for half an hour, filter, use five large spoons (for breakfast and dinner) for a month.
- From acne they prepare lotion from the calculation: half a glass of mineral water and a teaspoon of herbs. Prepared means daily wipe the skin. Infusion has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, tonic and cleansing effect.