Otitis in children: treatment, diagnosis, symptoms
What is otitis media?
One of the most common ear diseases is otitis media. This disease can happen at any age, regardless of gender, but children are most vulnerable. So, otitis in children, the treatment of which must be started immediately, is an inflammation of one of the ear sections. Since the anatomical structure there are three departments of this body, and the disease is divided into the same three types: internal, external and otitis media.
Why do children get sick?
Children are most susceptible to this disease. This fact is explained by the peculiarities of the structure of ENT organs. The Eustachian tube, which connects the nasopharynx with the middle ear, is much wider and shorter than in adults. As a result, the infection penetrates the ear cavity very easily. Even the smallest common cold can lead to an inflammatory reaction in the ear cavity. The first symptoms appear very quickly - from the nose flows, the throat hurts. An infection that is in the nasopharynx, immediately falls into the auditory tube - there is otitis.
Otitis in children whose treatment and symptoms are known may begin abruptly. When the first signs appear, the child often starts crying, turning his head, clutching his ear. Older children can talk about ear pain. For many, the temperature reaches high values - 38–40 degrees. To fully verify the presence of otitis, it is necessary to press on the trestle (the cartilage that covers the entrance to the ear). If after pressing the pain will increase - this is a sure sign of the disease. But young children can not show the form of pain, so this diagnosis is more suitable for older children. Every mother should be aware of such concepts as otitis, symptoms, treatment and its prevention - this will allow to further prevent the disease.
Symptoms in infancy
Infants can not tell about the localization of pain, so you need to monitor their behavior. The onset of otitis will be the following factors: the child turns his head and rubs it on the pillow, screams, can gnash his teeth, is unable to sleep properly, begins to refuse food. In the case of unilateral otitis, the child can constantly lie on the sore ear. There may be lethargy, fever, even diarrhea and vomiting.Otitis in children, the treatment of which is usually supported by the use of antibacterial agents, requires special control, especially in infancy.
In no case do not engage in self-diagnosis! Otitis in children, the treatment of which is prescribed only by a doctor, is a disease occurring in the head. At the slightest complication, extremely negative consequences can develop. You must contact your ENT doctor or call him at home. Treatment of otitis media often ends with surgery (myringoplasty). Tightening with the consultation of a specialist is not worth it, because with timely access to a doctor, you can only do with conservative treatment and exclude surgery. After treatment, the child should always be under the supervision of an ENT specialist in order to avoid recurrence of the disease.