Social lesson in social studies on the topic "Why is it important to comply with the laws of the state?"
Social science as a system of sciences studies human society and the processes occurring in it. As social beings, people are not only deeply integrated into society, but also obliged to obey all its laws - written and unwritten. Why is it important to comply with the laws adopted in the system, what is the risk of disobedience and what does history say about this? This will be discussed below.
Human social nature - the object of study of social studies
Hundreds of thousands of years have passed since a man separated himself from the rest of nature, began to live in a community and adopted the first rules of this uneasy, but at the same time pushing for the development of life. According to Darwin’s theory, labor made a monkey a man, so communication transformed the higher nervous system into a highly organized one, and thus elevated people to a qualitatively different level of evolution.
Since the times when our ancestors began to live in the tribe, hundreds of thousands of years have passed.Since then, absolutely everything has changed: the appearance of people, their thinking, the surrounding nature, life. Technological evolution has brought all the necessary benefits of civilization, and even more. One thing has remained unchanged since that time: the involvement of a person in public life. There is no turning back: people cannot exist apart.
Social science is studying a person in the context of his interaction with society. The system of sciences examines the development of society and the rules and regulations that are established in it. Why it is important to comply with the laws, who and when established them, whether they can be ambiguous - an academic discipline answers all these questions. In the process of research, scientists use the data of numerous studies, refer to a variety of historical facts.
Laws: types and forms
As mentioned above, many epochs ago, people became social beings. Since that time, each of us has to comply not only with the laws of nature, but also with those norms and rules that are directly the object of social science. Why is it important to comply with the laws, how are they, by whom and why were they formulated? At first glance, the answers to these questions are obvious to everyone, and there is no need to talk about this in detail.But this is a misconception: many dogmas contain much deeper reasons than it seems.
The form of social laws are:
Depending on their nature, the norms and rules of society are divided into:
Properties of laws
The properties of norms, dogmas, rules prevailing in society can be explained by a simple social science lesson. Why it is important to comply with the laws - the question is more fundamental. To answer it, it is necessary to begin to thoroughly investigate the properties of the object being studied. So, the laws have such characteristics:
- Functioning only in the area of society. In contrast to the laws of nature that exist regardless of a person, social norms imply the obligatory presence of an object - a person and society.
- Variability. It is not a secret for anybody that over time many rules may change in accordance with the tendencies of the development of the human collective.
- Subjectivity. No matter how hard people try to make their laws objective, being the creators of these dogmas, they bring in them the human factor.
- The ability to change the course of history and influence the masses.Laws, especially artificially created, can have a huge impact on the development of humanity as a whole.
- Duality. Strangely enough, with all the desire of a person to establish such rules, which could not be interpreted ambiguously, many laws still leave loopholes and carry a double meaning and multiple standards.
A special place in the system of social relations is occupied by laws established at the state level. As a management apparatus, this concept appeared much later than a community of people in general, but the rules that this management body dictates to us are not just binding. Why is it important to comply with the laws of the state? The answer to this question will be given by any student: for the reason that responsibility is provided for non-compliance. Sometimes the rules of the state may seem imperfect, not always fair, but these rules were formed on the basis of historical conditions and prerequisites, and in fact carry a thousand-year experience of generations.
When it comes to the laws of the country, their compliance is regulated and regulated by the system of norms of coercion.In most cases, internal morality alone is not enough; therefore, the state has in its arsenal a special institution that tackles issues related to the non-observance of certain laws and special bodies that exercise control and punishment.
The lesson on the topic “Why it is important to comply with the laws” in the disciplines of jurisprudence and social studies currently occupies an important place in the curriculum, since, opening the topic, the teacher has the opportunity to influence not only the specific student, but also the future of the whole society.
Personality and the laws of society
As already mentioned, any rules of society make sense only in society itself. But how can a person, as a unit of a collective, accept or reject certain rules, and how does an individual follow this? Answering for himself the question of why it is important to comply with the laws, each person thinks in terms of:
- Personal responsibility and morality.
- Social ethics.
- Administrative and criminal liability.
In a socialist society, it was customary to focus on the first two components. In the personality, the state tried to cultivate high moral qualities, responsibility, understanding the role of the influence of their actions on other people's lives.
With regards to modern society, psychologists and sociologists determine the shift of emphasis precisely on the fear of responsibility, certain penalties, fines and fear of the punishment system. It is these external factors that determine today the degree of obedience to the laws of society and the state.
Historical examples of compliance
Why it is important to comply with the laws, in the 7th grade of secondary school everyone knows. During history lessons, teachers talk about examples of prominent historical figures who obeyed the rules, no matter how unfair they may be.
One of such persons is Socrates, who, by the way, singled out a layer of knowledge about the human person in the structure of the science of that time. Having received an unfair accusation and being sentenced to death, the scientist had the opportunity to escape from prison with the help of his friends, to escape from justice and thus save lives. But it was precisely respect for the system and internal morality that did not allow the philosopher to do this. When the hour of execution came, Socrates, having delivered his famous speech, adequately accepted his fate, having drunk poison himself.
Notable examples of state disobedience
On our own example, to find out why it is important to comply with the laws, some individuals and groups of persons known today had the opportunity.
In domestic history, residents of Pskov and Novgorod, who refused to pay exorbitant amounts for bread in the middle of the 17th century, became one of the examples of disobedience to laws and rules. Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich sent his troops to the rebels, who defeated the rebels. Despite the illegality of too high prices, the law was one for all, and the king could not allow it to be noncompliant.
A later example of disobedience was the uprising on the battleship Potemkin. The sailors, who refused to obey, raised a riot, killed several officers, but due to the lack of a preliminary plan, they were subsequently forced to surrender.
Grounds to comply with state laws
Why is it important to abide by the laws? The lessons of Grade 7 within the social studies program show schoolchildren for what reasons it is necessary to obey the law. It comes from the very definition of social rules.
- The law provides order.
- The law restores social justice.
- The law provides freedom of action in the framework of non-harming others.
- The law guarantees punishment with a view to not repeating lawlessness in the future.
All these justifications emphasize the external component of the motivation to obey the rules defined by society and management structures.
The most important moment in this issue is the importance of the personal moral qualities of a person. Why it is important to comply with the laws, the social science of the 7th grade determines, based on the students' awareness of internal motives of following the rules. The main provisions of personal motives in this case are:
- The integrity of the individual, the reluctance of the destructive influence of man on himself.
- Awareness of the consequences of their actions for others.
- The concept of the outcome of non-compliance of laws for oneself in the future.
Thus, historically, that a person as a social being is simply obliged to follow certain rules. It is a question of both state laws and universal laws. The motives of obedience may be different, they are determined by internal and external factors, however, the main thing remains: the law is one for all and its observance is obligatory for everyone.