Spider tarantula: description. What is dangerous tarantula bite?
Tarantula is a generic name for spiders, which are large and covered with wool. More than 900 species belong to this family. The tarantula spider is a species of large, venomous aranemorphic insects, they belong to the numerous family of wolf spiders. All members of this family are poisonous to a greater or lesser extent. Before turning to the description of these amazing creatures, I would like to note that the simplicity in their content led to the popularity of tarantulas as exotic pets.
The spider consists of two parts - the abdomen and the cephalothorax. On the head there are four pairs of eyes. The legs of this large insect are shaggy and long. The hairs growing on them are quite sharp, they can wound on contact with human skin, as a result of which there is a burning sensation and severe itching. Tarantula spider with the help of these hairs is protected from its natural enemies.The shaggy predator that fell into its paws kills its fangs, which are 1 cm long.
Fluffy insects are very beautiful. The color may be brown or black, but there are also brown-rusty individuals of this species. The weight of a spider is about 90 g, while females are noticeably larger than males.
The tarantula spider lives in deep burrows, which it makes in solid soil. Such spider dwelling reaches up to 25 cm vertically deep into. At the entrance, the predator builds a vertical wall, using the remains of plants and earth as building materials. Its mink spider lining the web. When the rainy season begins or the time of molting, the entrance from above is closed with cobwebs and earth. With the onset of winter, the insect closes its home with dry plants mixed with cobwebs.
The tarantula hunts mainly at night, guarding prey at the entrance to the hole. During the day, he sits in his lair and waits there for an occasional victim. On this basis, it can be understood that a person can suffer and get a tarantula bite only in cases when he invades his territory and destroys the home of a predatory insect.
Tarantulas do not move far from their home, if they have to move away a little, they always go, tied to the mink with their web.Thus spiders find their way home. True, there are exceptions in the marriage period. At this time, the males, forgetting about caution and rules, go in search of a female, spending a long time on the road.
When, after a long search, the male tarantula finally finds a female, he begins to care for her. "Lady" reciprocates, but with it you need to behave very carefully. After the ritual of flirting, the spiders mate; at this very moment, after the end of the mating act, the female can bite her unlucky “gentleman,” who from the groom will instantly turn into lunch. Therefore, the males must have fast response and fast reversing in order to have time to escape. Here she is - a spider wedding!
Spider eggs lay in its hole, where it wraps them into a web, resulting in a cocoon. The future parent carries him everywhere with him until such time as small tarantulas appear. But even after the birth of the spider for some time they ride on the back of the mother. Only having matured and having learned to creep and live independently, children leave the parental home and begin to arrange their own home and independent life.
What is dangerous tarantula?
As mentioned earlier, the bite of a tarantula, whatever type it belongs to, is still poisonous. How dangerous a tarantula depends on the age of the predator, race, gender, season, and some other factors.
Consider the toxicity of these insects, based on the season:
- April- only after waking up after winter, tarantulas are very inert, their poison is not too toxic.
- May- in the middle of this month there comes a period when females lay eggs. Spiders become very active, and toxicity of poison increases by 2 times.
- June- at the beginning of the month mating and migration occur, the poison of predators at this time is 3 times more toxic.
- August- in spiders, especially in young females, poison is less toxic.
- September- before hibernation, the toxicity of the poison of hairy insects is reduced by 2 times.
What is dangerous tarantula spider for living beings? This creature is not in vain considered a predator, its bite has a neurogenic effect on the nervous system. The poison of this spider can lead to neuromuscular disorders, disorders of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. So with this cute and fluffy creation of nature you need to be very careful.
Black tarantula as a pet
In talking about the representatives of the family of wolf spiders, it is impossible not to mention such a handsome man as the black Brazilian tarantula. This beautiful insect is considered the best type of spider for home maintenance.
It, of course, also belongs to predators, but at the same time it has a calm and obedient character. Those who are already intimately familiar with the black shaggy fluffy can safely recommend it as the most obedient spider. Live this amazing creation in the right conditions can up to 20 years. So for a long time a beautiful pet will be next to its owner.