Symbols of weather. The study of weather phenomena in kindergarten and school
Every day there are changes in weather conditions. Kids, starting from kindergarten, learn to characterize, describe and recognize natural phenomena. In each group, starting from a younger age, the calendar of nature hangs on the walls, where children daily observe phenomena that occur outside the window. This is done with the help of weather symbols drawn on the poster.
In each age group there is an increase in the number of characters, as the knowledge of children expands. They will recognize many new weather phenomena. The article will look at all the known symbols and their diversity, as children are taught to determine the weather, wind direction, measure the temperature and distinguish between types of clouds.
Weather calendar in the younger group of kindergarten
The little ones are not yet familiar with all the subtleties of the phenomena of nature, they distinguish only a few basic definitions of the weather.When a bright sun shines in the sky and there are no clouds, then the day is considered to be sunny, and the child turns the arrow to the painted sun. When it is raining outside, the arrow turns to an image of a cloud with drops.
If the weather is cloudy, the sun hid behind the clouds, then the arrow turns to a drawing on which the cloud half blocked the sun. In winter, when the snow pours in, the child points to the image of a cloud with snowflakes. Symbols of weather for kids are more like pictures. So the children immediately see what they have to choose.
Determination of weather in the middle group
There are already more symbols on this weather calendar, but they are still represented by pictures. Added weather conditions such as thunderstorms, rainbows. Children already know that not every rain is accompanied by thunder and lightning. There is also a rainfall picture with rainbow. The guys get acquainted with this phenomenon during the summer rain, when the sun illuminates the droplets in the air. A rainbow can also be seen while watering flowers by a caregiver or next to a fountain.
There is also one of the new conventional signs of the weather - this is the wind. First, children learn to understand his presence.For this purpose, a vane, ribbons, windmills, and just pieces of paper. It is possible from the window of the group room to view the foliage in the trees. If there is wind outside, the leaves move, and when it is not there, they remain motionless.
Symbols of weather phenomena in older preschoolers
On this calendar of nature, you can see how much more preschoolers already know the weather phenomena. This scheme can also be used in primary school. Children learn to distinguish calm weather from a weak or strong gusty, heavy wind.
Also, the guys can already understand how the temperature has changed. There is a different - hot, warm, cool or very cold. On the table of conventional signs of weather such temperature scale is distinguished by the image of people of different colors. If it's hot, then the person is orange, warm is yellow. But the frozen people are drawn in cold shades. In cool weather - blue, in frosty days - blue.
Lessons from the world
Symbols of weather in a school are studied according to the system of notation generally accepted in the world. These are not pictures, but symbols, the meaning of which cannot always be guessed by appearance.Indicates the wind direction of the arrow facing in some direction of the light. Children should be able to distinguish and correctly show all four main directions of the world, as well as intermediate ones, for example, the northeast or southwest wind. The direction of the weather vane is determined.
Also in this calendar is noted and the temperature of the air, which is looked at by the thermometer outside the school window. Sometimes children keep a weather calendar for a month, filling in the workbook empty cells that contain only symbols with conventional signs.
In order to properly fill in the table, characters need to be memorized. The study of some is not difficult. For example, snow is indicated by a snowflake, dew is like a droplet on the grass, ice is a slippery road, so a wavy line is drawn.
As the strength of the wind is noted, it is also easy to remember. Calm - just an arrow, and with the strengthening of its forces, the number of dashes on it increases.
When studying the signs, it is important to invent some comparisons, analogies for the child. So it will be easier to remember everything. Children need to understand the value of such observations. Such collections of information are also used in weather reports, they are useful for agriculture and for comparing the weather on a given day in different years.Scientists are studying changes in weather conditions on the planet, knowledge helps to plant seeds on time in the soil, so that they do not freeze and give healthy shoots.