The causes and symptoms of estrogen deficiency
Everyone knows that hormones arebiological active substances, which in one way or another affect virtually all processes of vital activity of the body. And many women are interested in the question of how symptoms of estrogen deficiency manifest themselves. After all, these substances control the processes of puberty, and also provide the ability to conceive.
Why does the level of estrogen decrease?
Before determining what constitutesthe main symptoms of estrogen deficiency, it is worth to learn more about the main causes of fluctuations in the level of these hormones. This is the only way to prevent the re-occurrence of such a problem in the future.
- To begin with, it is worth noting that quite often the cause is various diseases of the female reproductive system (especially chronic) that affect the ovaries.
- In some cases, there are violations of the work and other endocrine glands, in particular the hypothalamic-pituitary system.
- Symptoms of a lack of estrogen can be manifested against uncontrolled reception of hormonal drugs, in particular some contraceptives.
- The same results can result in improper, inadequate nutrition, as well as inadequate amounts of vitamins and minerals in foods.
- In some cases, the lack of the hormone estrogen develops against a background of severe weight loss.
- And, of course, similar changes in the hormonal background are observed in women during menopause.
Symptoms of estrogen deficiency
In fact, signs of such hormonalviolations can be completely different. In this case, everything depends on the woman's age, the state of her health, and the degree of deviation from the norm. For example, in girls, hormone deficiency can affect the normal development of the skeleton and the reproductive system. But in adolescents such disorders lead to a slow growth of the uterus and mammary glands. In mature women, the lack of estrogen, as a rule, provokes the appearance of the following symptoms:
- Violations of the normal menstrual cycle, as well as severe pain in the abdomen, which begin 1-2 days before the onset of menstruation and do not disappear until the end of discharge.
- Symptoms can also include a decrease in sexual desire.
- Deficiency of estrogens affects the skin condition - inflammatory diseases and acne are possible.
- In addition, women with a similar problem likeusually suffer from depressive conditions, frequent and sharp changes in mood, memory impairment, decreased efficiency, constant fatigue and insomnia.
How to make up for the lack of estrogen?
Of course, first you need to turn todoctor and take a blood test for hormones. After all, the symptoms present may indicate different diseases. Only after the diagnosis is confirmed, the doctor will prescribe hormonal medication. But in no case should you not use these drugs yourself, as only a specialist will be able to determine the most effective dose. After all, the excess estrogen also negatively affects the patient's condition, as their deficiency.