The population of Cairo: the number, composition and interesting facts
Today we look at the population of Cairo, the number and composition of which is simply amazing. This is an interesting city, which became a millionaire back in the 1200s. Previously, he was called the same as the country - Egypt. Even in Russia, Egypt was called Cairo. The densely populated capital of the country is difficult to describe in words. In some areas, the population density reaches 100 thousand people / sq. km
Description of the city
Cairo is the capital of Egypt and an absolutely crazy metropolis. It is the largest settlement in Africa, as well as the largest of the Middle Eastern capitals. Cairo is also called the Gateway of the East. The city stretches along the two banks of the great African River Nile, near the delta.
Due to its favorable geographical position, Cairo has long been a densely populated city. It is also one of the cultural capitals of the Arab East. In addition, Cairo is a major industrial center. Here are many of the production of food, chemical,textile industry, foundries, enterprises of heavy growth.
Attracts Cairo and numerous tourists from all over the world. Going to the sea, people often do not be lazy to drive more than 12 hours on the bus in order to personally see the capital. In the suburbs of Cairo is located Giza and its famous pyramids. Currently, the city has grown so much that some buildings are very close to the monuments of antiquity. The distance from one of the residential buildings to the Great Sphinx is only 200 m. A little further away - to the Pyramid of Cheops.
History of Cairo and its population
The Romans founded the first settlement on this site in the second century BC. The local fortress was called Babylon. In 41, this fortification was seized by Arab tribes and received the name Al-Fustat (“camp”). Then this city became the first capital of Muslims in Egypt. Cairo received city status in 969. Then the Berber troops captured Al-Fustat and appropriated it to themselves. The city was renamed Al-Qahira, which means "victorious." According to legends, Mars was clearly visible in the sky during the capture. And this planet was called “victorious” in Arabic astrology.
Due to its convenient position in the Nile Delta and next to the trade routes, the city quickly grew and developed. Already at the beginning of the XI century, more than 20 thousand houses were built in it, and more than 30 thousand people lived in the caliph's palace alone. During the reign of the Mamelukes from 1250 to 1517, innumerable mosques and schools of the Koran were built in the city on their orders. Even now, Cairo is called the city of a thousand mosques. The capital continued to grow, and the population exceeded one million people. Also, a significant population jump occurred after the Second World War. Then, in 30 years, the number of people living here has increased from 2 to 7 million people.
What is striking is how densely populated the capital of Egypt is. Currently, Cairo is home to 8.2 million people. This is almost 9 percent of all people in the country (95 million people in Egypt). The population size changes daily due to the so-called “pendulum” migration. More than 10 million citizens live in the suburbs of Cairo and surrounding areas. Most of them go to the capital to work every day. A total of 16 million people live in Cairo suburbs. For comparison, this is about the same number of people as in Moscow. However, the capital of Russia is 5.5 times more.
Cairo is the largest agglomeration of Africa.And in the world, the capital of Egypt ranks 11th in terms of population. The density of the city is a source of concern from the government. Overcrowding here is really catastrophic. There is not enough room for everyone; besides, the air is terribly polluted. This leads to diseases of the population. Back in the 1980s, residents sounded the alarm, saying that it was time to stop launching new residents into the city. However, this did not bring results, and the population of the city for 30 years has doubled.
Why are there so many people in Cairo?
The capital of Egypt is the city of "those who come in large numbers." According to statistics, most metropolitan residents are visiting. People come from small villages and small towns to Cairo, because here the standard of living is worthy of living and work. Nobody is embarrassed by the fact that there are so many people in the city that they do not breathe. Even tourists are not afraid of the densely populated area of Cairo and come here every year by the millions.
In addition, the climate factor affects. The population of Egypt is unevenly distributed. Most residents settle along the mouth of the Nile, where it is not so dry, as well as in a few oases. In total, up to 97 percent of the country's population lives in fertile floodplains.The remaining 4 live in desert areas. Cairo is located just next to the river, so the climate here is suitable for life.
There are about 80 inhabitants per square kilometer. However, the Old Town is especially populated. The population density of Cairo in some quarters exceeds 100 thousand people per 1 square kilometer. This is more than in Tokyo, Paris and Mumbai.
Fertility in Cairo
If we compare the population of Cairo now and half a century ago, then it can be noted that then there were as many people in the whole country as now in the capital. The number of population increased 4 times. Since 2008, there has been a steady increase in fertility. Then the birth rate was about 3 children per woman. Now the numbers have dropped to 2.8. The birth rate in the capital is lower than in the country. In Cairo, 25 babies per thousand people were recorded, while data for Egypt as a whole - 28.
Mortality is quite high and is 6 out of 1,000 people. The infant mortality rate is 42 people. per thousand inhabitants. In general, the city has a steady increase in population by 1.88%. Migration in the city is negative, that is, the number of emigrants exceeds the number of those who come to the country.
Age statistics for city residents
Up to 36 percent of Cairo’s population is under 15 years old. Very few old men. And almost 64 percent are residents from 16 to 65 years. The situation in the country is somewhat different. So, in Egypt, the percentage of young people under 15 is very high - 30% of them. Older people - 4.5 percent of the population. In general, the average life expectancy of the male population is 68 years. Women live a little longer - 72 years on average.
Cairo City: Ethnic Composition
About 90 percent of the inhabitants of the city (the overwhelming majority) are represented by Arabs-Egyptians, otherwise called Hamites. In addition, the national picture is represented by Bedouins, Nubians, Copts. Many in the city and visitors from Europe, there is also a fairly significant Russian community.
The state language is Arabic (Semitic-Hamitic language family). Also widely spoken are English (mainly in the business field), Berber, French. Arabic in Egypt is generally different from the classical. Even people write numbers here from left to right, like Europeans. There are other language differences from Arabic, but the inhabitants of other countries of the East generally understand the Egyptians.In addition, Cairo itself has its own dialect, not similar to the dialects of Upper or Lower Egypt. It may be noted still dead language of the Copts, which nevertheless is spoken by 300 inhabitants of the country.
90 percent of the population are Muslim. Coptic Christians, according to statistics, from 3 to 5%. However, it is said that among the residents of the capital Copts are much more, since the Muslim community specifically underestimates the data on Christians.
Interesting facts about the citizens of the capital of Egypt
- The population of the city of Cairo is almost exactly divided by gender. So, men in the capital of Egypt are 50.2%, and women - 49.8. While in rural areas, women are much less - only 43%.
- The city has recorded an unemployment rate of 12 percent.
- If we compare the current and past Cairo (how many people were before the Second World War and it is now), then we can say that the number of inhabitants has increased 4 times. In 1947, only 2 million people lived in the capital, and now - 8.
- The overwhelming majority of the Cairo Arabs have absolutely no relation to the indigenous population. Researchers recognize the descendants of the Egyptians of the ancient Christians - the Copts.
- The city is dominated by the male population.There are 1018 men per 1,000 women.
- In Cairo, was the center of civilization of the pharaohs, the Romans, the ancient Greeks, Babylonians and Arabs.
- Quite well-to-do citizens live in the so-called “scavengers” city. Their main activity is waste sorting. Surprisingly, the workers live among the rubbish heaps, and this does not bother them at all.
- Also an interesting place in Cairo is the City of the Dead. It is a huge graveyard. But the Egyptians buried relatives with honors and rebuilt whole houses for the dead, where everything is there (from clothes and dishes to luxurious furniture), but there is not the most important thing - sewers. Why is she dead? However, this does not prevent the homeless from settling in these places. The city of the dead is a big problem for the government of Cairo.