Timur grapes: description of the variety, care, cultivation and reviews
Grapes are considered an ancient culture that has always been loved by people. And from the varieties create hybrids that differ from the main types of external characteristics and taste. Thanks to this, new demanded fruits are created. With the help of the work of breeders, Timur grapes were obtained. It has its own characteristics that you need to know when growing and caring for a plant.
Timur is a table type of grapes, created by crossing varieties Vostorg and Frumoas Albe. Their maturation occurs equally, and they also have excellent resistance to diseases. Grape Timur inherited just such positive properties.
Maturation of the variety occurs in a short time of 105-113 days. Fruits steadfastly resist fungi, so care will be very simple. There are 2 types of varieties: white and pink. The second is considered by summer residents not to be in great demand, since its ripening takes longer, and it does not bear fruit as plentifully as white.
Description grape Timur allows you to distinguish it from many others. The vine has a brown color. Its leaves are three-lobed, dissected. The bush is short and occupies a small area. Weaving fences and arches occurs quickly, so it is used to produce hedges, gazebos and other garden decorations.
Description of the grape variety Timur affects its berries. The white species is distinguished by cylindrical or conical clusters weighing 400-600 g. The berries are yellow-green in color, with maturation they turn brownish and amber-honey. The length of the berry is 29 mm, and width - 21 mm, weight 6-8 g. Grapes of this variety are elongated, may have a pointed tip. Their flesh is dense, crunchy, muscat flavor is present. The skin of the fruit is thin.
Description Timur grape pink species differs from the previous one. It has loose clusters weighing 800 g. Large berries have a pink-purple color, their length is up to 35 mm, and width is up to 21 mm. Its average weight is 9-10 g. Peel has a pink, purple color. The pulp has a sweet taste. As evidenced by reviews of many gardeners, the white variety is their most sought after.
White grape Timur ripens quickly. If good conditions are created, this happens 105 days after landing. If the power of growth is average, then the yield will be high. The main characteristics include:
- Sugar content - 17-24 g / 100 ml.
- Acidity - 6-9 g / l.
Resistance to diseases and pests
The variety perfectly resists oidium and mildew, perfectly survives frosts (up to -25 degrees). It is maintained for a long period, capable of carrying freight. An itch mite may appear on the leaves of a bush, but it is not capable of causing much damage.
Pink Timur ripens longer, it takes 115-125 days. Productivity is less compared to the white subspecies. Sugar content is 19-21 g / 100 ml, and acidity is 6-7 g / l. Pink and white species resistant to mildew and oidium, perfectly transported, can winter without harm with temperatures of up to -24 degrees. Most gardeners consider the variety to be ideal for cultivation; you just need to create suitable conditions for it.
The grape Timur tastes great. And since it is easy to store and transport, it is used for fresh sale. Berries are suitable for juice and wine.Sweet pink look can zayumlivatsya on a branch, but if you collect, process berries in a timely manner, you get a wonderful raisin.
Advantages and disadvantages
The Timur grape variety of the white species has the following advantages:
- Early ripening.
- Wonderful taste of berries, delicate skin.
- Resistance to diseases.
- Excellent cold resistance.
- It grows on different soils of Russia.
- Easy to transport and store.
But the white view has drawbacks:
- Low power growth.
- With moist and heavy soil, the peel of the fruit will have a grassy taste that disappears when ripe.
The advantages of the pink species include:
- Rapid ripening.
- The density of clusters of large berries.
- Excellent sugar content of the pulp.
- Resistance to frost.
- Resistance to fungi.
- Safety during transportation.
Of the drawbacks of the pink species are:
- The presence of thick skin.
- Ability to zayumlivaniya on the branch.
- Instability to the effects of grape mite.
According to reviews, Timur grapes are easy to grow. Gardeners are advised to use some recommendations. It should be planted in the spring or in the middle of autumn, before the cold weather.In the northern part of the country it is better to do in early October. The shrub is able to grow on different soils. He is not advised to plant on wet and heavy soils, because then get tart and acidic fruits. Excellent yield is possible only with light, loose, fertile soil.
Liana multiplies with:
Seedlings need to be planted. Under them, you must first prepare a pit with drainage and soil with fertilizers. Layers should settle down, after which you can land. In the middle of the pit is installed support. The roots of the bush down to the average depth.
The root neck should be above the ground layer. After falling asleep, everything is watered, tied to a support. You can fill up the soil, which is diluted with rotted sawdust. Harvesting cuttings occurs in the fall. A vaccination is required at this time. Until autumn, they are stored under sand in a cool room with a temperature of at least +12 degrees. On the cuttings should be no more than 2-3 eyes. If you plant the grape variety Timur correctly, then this will allow you to get excellent fruit.
According to reviews, the Timur grape variety requires simple care.Shrub loves moisture. He needs abundant watering, especially during the appearance of the first flowers and the formation of berries. Perform this procedure better mulching. To do this, use moss or sawdust.
Grapes need constant feeding. You can use the usual organic. Nitrogen fertilizers need to be added at the rate of. To get a good harvest you need to prune the bush. Used short and long pruning. The basic rules of this procedure include:
- On the bush should be 20-30 eyes.
- The maximum number of eyes on the shoot - 10-12 pieces.
- Increase the mass of the clusters will turn out if you leave on the escape of 7-8 eyes.
The grape variety is resistant to diseases, but prevention does not hurt. It is necessary to regularly spray the bush using fungicides. It should be done 2 times a year: before flowering and after harvesting. The leaves are attacked by an itch, especially the pink variety. Sulfur-based treatment is performed for protection.
Grapes grow well with heat, it is bad for heavy frosts. In the northern regions of the bushes do not survive without winter insulation. For shelter is used soil, spruce branches or reeds.Proper planting and care will allow you to get a great harvest.