What is a common sentence: definition, types of minor members
Common and undistributed sentences make up our speech. The first enrich the language, make the conversation detailed, meaningful and very beautiful. However, undistributed sentences are irreplaceable when it is necessary to convey any thought clearly, clearly and without embellishment.
Common sentence: learn to recognize
What is a common suggestion? The unit of the language, which in addition to the predicative framework contains other members - secondary.
The prevalence category is considered only in a simple sentence with one grammatical basis. If it is necessary to characterize a complex sentence, then each simple part of it is taken for analysis. Thus, as part of a complex can be both common and uncommon units.
Secondary members may have a full grammatical and single-element sentences. For example:
- I, happy, went for a walk through the first snowball that just fell out. There is no fluffy snow this year.
In the first example, there are minor terms spreading the subject (happy), the predicate (through the snow), and others (just the one that fell out, the first one). In the second sentence, only the predicate is presented, which is distributed by the addition (of snow) and circumstance (this year). Also in this sentence, the definition (fluffy) extends the supplement.
A simple common sentence may be incomplete. That is, one where the missing of one of the main members, provided that it is easy to recover from the context. For example:
- I love to travel by plane. My husband - personal vehicles.
The second sentence is incomplete and common. The predicate loves is out of context in order to avoid tautology.
It should be clearly understood what a common sentence is to distinguish it from a similar one containing homogeneous subjects or predicates. For example:
- Beasts, birds, insects froze.The surrounding hurried, fussed, cursed.
The first sentence is not common, it contains homogeneous subjects, the second also has no minor members, only homogeneous predicates.
Secondary members: addition
At the center of the question "What is a common sentence?" worth the concept of "secondary members." They complement the main and other non-principal members of the proposal. You can determine the type of the secondary by finding the word to which it refers and asking the appropriate question. Also, it would not be superfluous to find out which part of the speech is the minor term being sorted, this will help in its identification.
Supplement answers to questions of indirect cases. Accordingly, it denotes an item. Depends on the addition of various members of the sentence, expressed in different parts of speech. May refer to a verb-predicate and its forms. For example, we give a table.
To whom? Sister
On what? On canvas
Additions depend on the sentence members expressed in nominal parts of speech (verbal nouns). For example, reading books is always fun.Reading what? Books are an addition.
Adjectives, participles, ordinal numerals, pronoun adjectives that answer the questions of "who? Who?" Most often play the role of another minor member - an agreed definition. But other parts of speech, for example, nouns, can answer the same questions. Then we are also talking about definitions, but uncoordinated. Here are some examples:
- Solid oak table decorated the dining room.. Solid, oak - agreed definitions, they are expressed by adjectives and are with the subject (table) in connection with the agreement (consistent in gender, number and case: oak table - oak table - oak table).
- Evergreen spruces in the forest stand stately and proudly. In this case, the secondary member "in the forest" will be multivalued, because it easily answers two questions: ate (what? Where?) In the forest.
A special kind of definition is one that is expressed by a noun, which characterizes the subject of speech in a different way. It is called an application:
- Lake Baikal - the pride of our country. Lake (what?) Baikal is an application expressed by one's own noun.
Another minor member of the proposal, without which it is impossible to completely answer the question of what a common sentence is - this is a circumstance. It explains the place, time, cause, purpose, condition, course of action or comparison of one object or phenomenon with another. Answers adverbial questions: where? when? where? from where why? what for? as?
- Andrei jumped on a horse and galloped at a gallop. He galloped off (how?) - a circumstance of mode of action expressed by an adverb.
- In November we will go on a well-deserved rest.. There are two circumstances: time - "in November" and places - "to rest."