What to give the cat for diarrhea at home, what kind of medicine?
Indigestion in pets is not uncommon. Veterinarians confirm that at least one fourth of the appeals are associated with diarrhea. This is not taking into account the fact that most of the owners do not ask for help, but wait until the problem is solved by itself.
The duration and intensity of the course of the disease depends on the reasons for it. And they can be very serious. For example, viral enteritis kills an animal in a matter of days. Therefore, at the first symptoms you need to consult a doctor. It is very difficult to confuse them with something: the cat begins to run on the tray several times a day, while the stool is watery or mushy. Before deciding what to give the cat from diarrhea, let's first understand what is behind this phenomenon.
If it is not easy to diagnose constipation, then everything is very clear.Frequent loose stools are difficult to interpret in some other way. In addition, additional symptoms may be present:
- the urge to defecate;
- mucus or blood in feces.
Usually, in such cases, the owners just sort out the first-aid kit, wondering what to give the cat for diarrhea. If the pet is cheerful and active, then this behavior can be considered justified. Another thing when other symptoms join:
- loss of appetite;
- weight loss;
In such cases, it is impossible to delay. Especially if you see that the diarrhea is an unnatural color: red, green or black.
Duration of symptoms
If diarrhea started today, you can call your veterinarian and ask what to give the cat for diarrhea. A single case is not a cause for alarm, and the doctor may recommend some light remedy that can help. If after two days there is no visible improvement, then this already speaks of a more serious and neglected problem.
Conditionally, diarrhea in cats is divided into three types:
- Acute - ends in a few hours or days.
- Chronic - if diarrhea lasts more than a week.
- Intermittent - if periodically bothers for a month or more.
Be sure to remember what happened in recent days. Perhaps you have changed the pet's diet or treated him with something new, unfamiliar earlier. If the cause was improper feeding, then you can not even worry much and not wrestle with the question "what to give the cat from diarrhea." With a diet and drinking enough fluids, all the symptoms go away on their own, and quite quickly.
Causes of disease
Very often, veterinarians are faced with the fact that the owners begin treatment at home, not thinking that the situation can be much more serious than it seems at first glance. So let's talk about what may be the basis of this phenomenon.
- Poisoning is the first thing that the owners think about.
- Binge eating. Also quite probable cause. Especially if the cat fed too fat, unsuitable for her food.
- Improper nutrition. This has already affected above. Often baleen-striped feed soup or milk. In fact, cats are predators. They need meat and fish.
- Worm diseases. Every 6 months it is necessary to carry out prophylaxis, namely: give your pet special preparations for worms.
- Food allergies.Most often it happens on chicken, buckwheat, sometimes on fish. But such a reaction rarely occurs suddenly. But if you first gave a new product, then such a result is quite possible.
- Bowel disease.
- Psycho-emotional disorder. This may be due to relocation, strong employment of the beloved owner and a number of other factors.
When to start treatment
This is a question that seriously worries every owner who does not have a medical education. If diarrhea is complicated by other symptoms, that is, vomiting, fever and dehydration, the fluffy pet needs a hungry diet for one to two days, which is the most acceptable method of treatment. It is desirable to reduce the amount of drunk water and ensure the patient complete rest.
If diarrhea lasts a week or more, then this is a reason to contact a veterinarian. In this case, it is necessary to conduct research, because the body is severely dehydrated, which only aggravates the condition of the animal.
If diarrhea is uneventful
First of all, let's talk about what can be given to a cat from diarrhea, if its condition is quite satisfactory. At this stage, perfectly suitable activated carbon.Do not try to stop diarrhea with antibiotics - it is necessary in order to remove toxins from the body. Another question is how they got into it.
It is one thing if it is food poisoning, and it is quite another if the reason lies in helminthic invasions, abnormalities of the internal organs and other disturbances in the normal functioning of the body. It is also necessary to take into account that each cat is individual, and the same symptoms may indicate different ailments. Therefore, to clarify the reasons you need to contact the experts.
You must be prepared to seek qualified help for any complication. If the feces acquired an unusual appearance, smell or color, and at the same time diarrhea does not stop for a few days, you should know: it is impossible to cure your pet by yourself.
Diarrhea with water
Quite often, the owners are afraid of such a phenomenon, and they begin to frantically think about which pills to give the cat for diarrhea. In fact, abundant watery discharge speaks of a minor, one-time problem. However, this may be the first symptom of a developing disease. Therefore it is better to contact the vet.If this is not possible, do the following:
- If only diarrhea is observed, without vomiting, then feed the pet with boiled water. This will prevent dehydration.
- Food is better not to give up improvement.
- Now it's time to say what to give the cat from diarrhea at home. At this stage, it is permissible to begin treatment with adsorbents. An excellent choice would be "Smekta".
When does an adsorbent help?
First, let's find out what this substance is. As we have already said, Smecta is perfect for alleviating the symptoms, as it is the strongest adsorbent. Substances included in its composition, help the body get rid of toxins. It is recommended to apply in the following cases:
- If there was a sharp change of feed.
- After eating fried and smoked products.
- When poisoning substandard product.
- Under stress, which affects intestinal motility.
- When injected into the body of toxic substances. "Smekta" connects them and displays.
- The presence in the feed substances that cause an allergic reaction.
- After motion sickness in transport.
How does "Smekta" on the cat's body
Veterinarians are well aware of the importance of stopping the absorption of toxic substances in time. Therefore, they affirmatively answer the question of whether it is possible to give the cat "Smektu" with diarrhea. The active ingredient of this drug is diomexit. It is a clay mineral that consists of aluminum oxide and silicon. It has a strong adsorbing effect.
Especially experts note the high fluidity of the drug, which helps to envelop the mucous membranes of the digestive organs. If you think what medicine to give the cat for diarrhea, it is better not to find an option. "Smekta" does not harm the body, because it is not absorbed into the blood, and acts only in the intestine. The drug has the following effects:
- It protects the intestinal wall from bile and acid, as well as toxins.
- Stimulates the production of mucus in the stomach and intestines.
How to give "Smektu" cat with diarrhea
The dosage will be administered individually, but there are general recommendations, which we will discuss below. For the treatment of animals used suspension. Due to its natural composition, it has no contraindications and does not violate intestinal motility.With any bowel disease, you can safely give your pet "Smektu". If there is no improvement, you must go to the vet. But it won't be any worse.
To prepare the medicinal solution, you will need boiled water (50 g) and a bag of Smekta. Each contains 3 g of the drug. To eliminate the symptoms of diarrhea, you must also prepare a syringe and towel. Dissolve powder in water and mix vigorously.
Age and individual characteristics
These are the factors that need to be considered. Of course, a monthly kitten and an adult cat weighing 8 kg require different amounts of the drug. Therefore, how much "Smekty" to give the cat with diarrhea, can only be said when examining the animal. However, there is a general formula for kittens, recommending for each kilogram of mass to give 2 ml of solution. It should be borne in mind that the animal will spit out a part of the solution. For an adult cat, the dosage should be at least 5 ml per kilogram.
Features of the introduction
Now the most difficult. Let's look at how to give "Smektu" cat with diarrhea. To cure a pet, you will need to use an ordinary 2 cubic meter syringe. cm.Fill it with suspension and release the excess air. After that, you can proceed directly to the introduction:
- Wrap the animal with a towel so that it does not resist.
- You should not force him to open his jaws, as you can injure your pet. It is enough to raise the upper lip.
- Now gently insert the syringe through the teeth.
- After a successful infusion, keep your head up.
- Stroking the neck will help the swallowing process.
- Only then can we proceed to the introduction of the next portion.
When should I stop using this drug? Veterinarians say that contraindications are very rare, but they cannot be completely excluded. So, "Smektu" can not be used in such cases:
- The pet has a high sensitivity to the components of the drug.
- Pet is suffering from constipation. "Smekta" slows down the movement of feces through the intestines.
- If the animal suffers from intestinal obstruction.
- If your pet has a fever.
Before giving "Smektu", check the temperature. To do this, insert a thermometer into the anus.Normal performance should not exceed 38.5 degrees.
Use of "Loperamide"
It is a popular medicine for diarrhea. It is sold in a regular pharmacy and is inexpensive. But veterinarians rarely prescribe it to cats. You must first find out the reason why the animal suffers from diarrhea. If this is a worm infestation or colitis, the patient needs a comprehensive treatment. Here it is important not just to prevent dehydration, but to eradicate the cause. Diarrhea can be deadly.
How does "Loperamide"
So, is it possible to give the cat "Loperamide" for diarrhea? To understand, you need to understand well how this medicine works. In fact, his spectrum of action is rather narrow. The drug stops peristalsis. That is, it will not cure diarrhea, but simply stop the removal of intestinal contents from the body.
The option is not the best, because if the fecal masses do not appear for a long time, the animal begins to intoxication. This means that harmful substances from feces are gradually absorbed into the bloodstream and spread throughout the body, poisoning the animal from the inside. So you can not get involved in this drug.You can give the cat "Loperamide" from diarrhea solely for hygienic purposes, for example, if you need to get to the veterinary clinic in public transport. But this is an emergency measure that does not give anything to treat your animal.
Instead of conclusion
Thus, we can conclude that there are not so many funds to help your pet. First of all it is medical fasting and sparing food for the period of recovery. In the case of a single case of diarrhea, activated charcoal can be given. If the situation does not improve, then change it to "Smektu". For two days, you can watch your pet. If he feels better, he eats and plays, you can end the treatment with this. Any of the additional symptoms (vomiting, fever, lethargy) should be the cause of refusal of self-treatment and treatment to the veterinarian.
Separately, I want to say about such drugs as "Loperamide" and "Zerukal." Both are designed to slow down the digestive tract. The first is prescribed to block vomiting, and the second is to stop diarrhea. They have a huge minus. And vomiting, and diarrhea do not start just like that, but serve as a way to cleanse the body of toxins.When they are artificially blocked, intoxication progresses.
That, in fact, is all that can be given to a cat from diarrhea at home without harm to its body. An antibiotic, including the beloved by many "Levomycetin", should be appointed strictly according to indications. Such drugs have a harmful effect on the body. And if the cause of diarrhea is a viral infection, then you additionally weaken the body's defenses and bring the death of the pet closer. Do not ignore the need to go to the vet. The specialist is more competent and knows exactly what can be given to a cat from diarrhea.