What you might not know about coffee
I am not a fan of coffee at all. I drink it once a week for a change. However, this is a drug and fetish for so many of my friends. Estimate, in 1991, the global consumption of coffee, according to the International Coffee Organization, was about 90 million bags of 60 kg. This year this figure will be more than 160 million bags.
That's why it's interesting to read a little about this religion 🙂
1. Coffee is actually cherry
Coffee grains are roasted seeds of the fruit called coffee cherry.
The coffee beans that you put into the coffee grinder are the roasted seeds of the fruit, called coffee cherry. This is how coffee tree berries are called in the coffee industry.
Each berry (“cherry”) usually contains two ordinary grains or one whole, coalesced piberi grain. The number of fruits with such grains is approximately 5% of the total yield, they are considered more valuable.
2. Some people eat their coffee
People have been drinking coffee for centuries, but some prefer to eat it.
Coffee was not always a drink.
Some companies use steamed coffee beans to make flour. It can be used in the preparation of muffins, bread, chocolate, sauces.
This flour does not have the taste of coffee, depending on the variety it will feel more floral, citrus or fruit notes.
3. The most expensive coffee - with excrement
Produced in Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam and India, the Kopi Lyuvak variety is the most expensive coffee in the world. To make it, coffee fruits (berries with grains inside) must pass through the gastrointestinal tract of musang, or Asian palm civet. This is a small animal of the civet family.
Passed through the stomach and intestines of civet coffee is chosen from the animal excrement
A pound of such grains can cost up to 700 dollars. Another very expensive coffee is called Black ivory. His grains are cooked after they are eaten by elephants in Thailand.
A small pack (35 grams) costs about $ 85.
4. Coffee is useful
Coffee is a drink rich in antioxidants that protect human cells from toxins and chemicals.
This year a study was published, which states that drinking 3 cups of coffee a day helps reduce the risks of many diseases, including cardiovascular diseases.
The study analyzed the health data of 500 thousand people from 10 European countries for 16 years.
5. ... but still easier with coffee
Excessive consumption of coffee can cause harm to health
Caffeine is a stimulant, its excessive use can be harmful to health.
Pregnant women are recommended to reduce the daily dose of caffeine, because it can affect the weight gain by the embryo and sometimes even lead to miscarriage.
British doctors recommend pregnant women not to drink more than 200 milligrams of coffee per day.
6. There are two types of coffee
So, Arabica and Robusta ...
Arabica is the most common type of coffee. Arabian coffee tree grows in Ethiopia. Drink from such grains - with moderate pronounced taste and aroma.
Another variety is Robusta. This type of coffee has twice the caffeine, it is often used in espresso blends. It grows in Africa, India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia and Brazil.
7. Coffee was opened by goats in Ethiopia (well, according to legend)
They say that in the ninth century a certain Ethiopian shepherd saw that his goats were eating strange berries from a strange tree, and then they jump and do not sleep all night long, full of energy.
Ethiopia is considered the birthplace of coffee
Then he told this to the local monks who decided to brew a drink from grains that would help them stay awake during frequent worship services.
8. The word "coffee" originally meant wine.
By the 15th century coffee began to grow in Yemen. In the language of the local population, the word qahwah (“kava”) meant wine.
After only a hundred years, this word came into use in Persia, Egypt, Syria and Turkey.
9. The first coffee shops appeared in the Middle East.
Coffee has become a part of local culture in many countries.
They drank coffee not only at home, but also in numerous coffee shops, which are considered to be the birthplace of the countries of the Middle East.
Coffee drinking was accompanied by playing chess or listening to music.
10. All coffee on Earth is grown in the countries of the "coffee belt"
Coffee is grown in more than 50 countries around the world, known as the countries of the coffee belt, located between the tropics of Capricorn and Cancer - from Mexico to New Guinea.
11. The most devoted coffee lovers live in Finland.
The most avid coffee lovers are Finns. In Finland, each person has 12 kg of coffee per year.
Also among the leaders are Norway (9.9 kg per lushu population), Denmark (8.7 kg) and Sweden (8.2 kg). Italians, by the way, consume about 5.9 kg of coffee per person per year.
12.Tea or coffee? Who is the winner?
The British Coffee Association claims that coffee is the most popular drink in the world. According to these data, 2 billion cups are drunk daily in the world.
In the most populous countries of the world - China and India - they prefer to drink tea.
Coffee is drunk in both Americas and in countries of continental Europe, tea is loved in Asia and the countries of the former Soviet Union.
Despite the fact that the world grows more coffee than tea, for one cup of tea, comparable in strength to a cup of coffee, you need only 2 grams of raw materials. And for the same cup of coffee - 10 grams.
13. You can also make perfect coffee.
So, some tips on making the perfect coffee.
- Carefully wash the Turk or the coffee maker.
- Take your favorite coffee beans.
- It is better to grind coffee just before preparing the drink.
- Coarse or fine grinding? Find out which one is best for your coffee preparation.
- Do not overheat the water. The ideal water temperature for coffee is 90-95 degrees.
- Observe the time intervals for preparing a drink - from 30 seconds for espresso to full night for cold-pressed coffee.