When the position of the Sun in the sky is the highest, or In pursuit of summer around the globe
People since the ancient times worshiped the sun. There are many legends about the deity, which in the morning travels from the east to the chariot of fire, and at sunset lies behind the horizon. Most of all, the ancient man was afraid that the light would not rise once. Our ancestors were wary of the afternoon, when the position of the sun in the sky is the highest. At this moment it was necessary to rest and not to catch the eye of the reviving evil.
Modern man knows that the Sun is the star around which our planet rotates. Noon has ceased to be a mysterious point of intertemporal times. However, many people do not suspect that, depending on the location of a particular place on the globe, the date of the highest position of the Sun in the sky also changes. When the star reaches the culmination of its procession in different parts of the world? Let's deal with this issue together.
Go to the pole
To understand which position of the Sun in the sky is the highest, you need to know the geographical latitude of a particular area. The North and South Poles are on the axis of the world. Their latitude is 90 degrees, the horizon coincides with the equator.
That is why at the North Pole the Sun rises shortly before March 21 and describes circles across the sky, gradually rising higher and higher. This is called the polar day. The sun reaches its climax on June 22, after which the decline begins, and after September 23, the star falls below the horizon. The polar night is coming.
The sun appears at this time at the South Pole to reach its highest position on December 22 and disappear after the vernal equinox.
Moving to the equator
This point of the world is located at zero latitude. The horizon coincides with the axis of the world. Here the sun moves perpendicular to it, so day and night are equal throughout the year. The change of seasons is also peculiar. When the position of the Sun in the sky is the highest, a period of heat and drought begins. This happens twice a year, with climaxes on March 21 and then September 23.
On the days of the solstice, the star falls low from the zenith to the north or south, respectively.As the surface warms less, the rainy seasons begin.
Traveling around the southern and northern hemispheres
In other points of the Earth, the Sun moves across the sky obliquely relative to the horizon. On June 22, it deviates farthest from the celestial equator toward the north. It is here that gets the most of its rays and heat. When the position of the Sun in the sky is highest in the northern hemisphere, in the southern it is the opposite.
On December 22, the star maximally deviates to the south. In the Northern Hemisphere at this time, it rises low above the horizon. Winter is coming.
From this we can conclude: the height of the sun above the horizon, as well as the climate of the area depends largely on the geographical location. Thanks to this, from the winter you can easily plunge into the summer. You just need to buy a plane ticket and go to another hemisphere.